Background: It has been seen that atherogenesis represents an inflammatory process in the addition to infiltration of lipids There have been studies that showed that increased eosinophilic count is related to adverse cardiac events such as post infarction congestive heart failure.
Objective: To determine the asssociation of total eosinophilic count with the development of congestive heart failure in patients with acute myocardial infarction.
Methods: This is a prospective cohort study conducted at Philippine Heart Center. Patients included in this study were those admitted for acute myocardial infarction with no signs of heart failure. Outcome measures include the development of congestive heart failure as described by clinical signs and symptoms within four days of admission.
Results: A total of 139 patient who fulfilled the WHO criteria for acute myocardial infarction were included in this study. In forty three (30%) patients, congestive heart failure developed within the four days of admission. The total eosinophilic count was found not to be significant predictor in developing subsequent congestive heart failure.
Conclusion: Study showed no statistically significant association between total eosinophilic count in patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction and the development of congestive heart failure in the first four days of admission. However, our study showed age and diabetes mellitus can predict the risk for developing heart failure in post myocardial infarction patients.