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HERDIN Record #: NCR-PHC-16050616120255 Submitted: 07 May 2016 Modified: 07 May 2016

End Tidal Carbon Dioxide Monitoring Predicts Survival After Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.

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To determine the accuracy of end-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring during cardiopulmonary resuscitation as a predictor of survival, 18 patients who were admitted at the Philippine Heart Center were included in the study. The end-tidal carbon dioxide levels taken at baseline, 5 min., 10 min., 15 min., and 20 min. were taken while resuscitation was being instituted. Of the 18 patients studied, 9 survived, and 9 had failed resuscitation. The p values of the end-tidal carbon dioxide level at baseline, 5 min., 10 min., 15 min., and 20 min. were significant in identifying survivors from non-survivors. Using a cut-off value of 15 mmHg. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value was 89%. Reports in animal studies and in out-of-hospital CPR have indeed proven the predictive value of end-tidal carbon dioxide value as an easy and non-invasive tool in determining survival. This study has reproduced such findings in in-hospital settings, despite the fact that the number of subjects did not meet the calculated sample size.

Publication Type
Research Project
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Heart Center Medical Library PHC.R.177.98 Abstract Print Format

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