Dengue is an emerging global public health problem. Although many studies have investigated preventive practices used against dengue fever, the alarming increase in the number of dengue fever cases in the Philippines, and in Baguio City in particular, in the preceding year merits another investigation. There is also a dearth of research made on factors that affect preventive practices and the complementary treatments used to address the signs and symptoms of the disease. The study utilized a descriptive-quantitative research design. A sample size of 384 was computed using OpenEpi. This study was conducted in Baguio City, Philippines. Convenience sampling was done and a self-made questionnaire was used as the main gathering tool. Data were treated statistically using frequencies, percentages and Chi-square. Preventive practices that are cheap, easy to do and widely disseminated were most frequently done. Larva-control methods were performed more often than mosquito-control methods. The classification of an area (outbreak or non-outbreak) has a variable association with preventive practices. Being diagnosed with dengue fever is a significant factor for a household to perform more preventive practices against the disease. Information about the disease from various sources, mass media being the main source, served as facilitating factors in the performance of the preventive practices. Fear of adverse effects and cost are the leading factors hindering respondents to perform preventive practices. The complementary treatments used by the respondents are generally safe, with active components that can target the most common signs and symptoms of dengue fever. The use of mosquito repelling plants and OL Trap system must be strengthened, as these were found not frequently used but are inexpensive/free and are effective methods for prevention. The role of grassroot leaders should be strengthened in terms of promoting community based dengue prevention such as information dissemination and monitoring of practices. The respondents should use a combination of larva and mosquito control methods to ensure better prevention of the disease. Future research can be conducted on the following: to evaluate the implementation and impact of services intended for dengue fever outbreak areas; to explore other facilitating and hindering factors in the preventive practices for dengue fever; to determine other complementary treatments used for dengue fever, including the dosage, frequency and preparation and to determine dengue preventive practices in areas such as schools and work place.
The aims of the study are: to determine the preventive practices used against dengue fever in terms of personal protective and vector-control methods; to determine if there is a significant difference in the preventive practices when grouped according to outbreak areas and non-outbreak areas, and history of dengue fever; to determine the facilitating and hindering factors affecting the preventive practices; and to determine the complementary treatments used for dengue fever.
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