Family caregivers who render care to chronically ill children are experiencing psychosocial states of depression, anxiety, and stress. Numerous studies have been conducted regarding the level of depression of mothers and fathers and the coping styles that they employ but there are no studies conducted in the Philippines regarding this. This prompted the researchers to conduct the study and to determine if same results will reveal. A quantitative, descriptive design was utilized and 329 respondents were taken utilizing purposive incidental sampling. Two questionnaires were utilized for the study. The first was an adapted tool to measure the psychosocial status of family caregivers particularly depression, anxiety and stress. DASS 21 has a CVI score of 0.93 for the total scale. The second tool was a revised tool to determine the ways of coping employed by family caregivers of chronically ill children. The revised ways of coping questionnaire was subjected for CVI revealing a score of 0.96875. The study site were pediatric clinics and wards of two (2) hospitals in Baguio City. Frequency, percentage and chi square were used to treat the data. Filipino family caregivers both males and females have normal psychosocial status. The older adults have higher state of anxiety when taking care of a chronically ill child. Family caregivers seek social support and positive reappraisal to cope with caring of the chronically ill child and seldom use self-controlling. Chronic illness affects the psychosocial status of family caregivers particularly levels of stress, anxiety and depression varying from normal state to extremely severe, thus leading to positive or negative coping strategies. Nurses and student nurses should understand the family caregiver's response towards chronic illness and the chronically ill by being available for social support. For parents, to employ positive coping mechanisms and redirect negative coping strategies. For future researchers, to include equal number respondents. It is further recommended to focus on a specific chronic illness as a variable.
This study aimed to determine the psychosocial status of family caregivers of a chronically ill child and the coping mechanisms that they employ. Specifically, it sought answers to the following questions: (a) What is the psychosocial status of family caregivers of a chronically ill child? (b) Is there a significant difference in the psychosocial status according to age and sex and (c) What are the most used styles of coping employed by family caregivers of a chronically ill child?
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