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HERDIN Record #: NCR-UERMMMC-15012305110319 Submitted: 23 January 2015 Modified: 22 August 2019

Effectiveness of Cananga odorata (ylang-ylang) vapor aromatherapy in chemotherapy-induced state anxiety reduction among breast cancer patients: a randomized controlled trial.

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Introduction Vapor aromatherapy is one of the complementary therapies offered to address anxiety, the most common psychological effect of chemotherapy. It has been consistently reported to reduce anxiety among cancer patients and as such vapor aromatherapy using the indigenous plant Cananga odorata (ylang-ylang) was investigated for its short-term, immediate effect in reducing chemotherapy-induced state anxiety.

Methods Thirty four stage II and III female breast cancer patients aged 25 years and above with low to moderate trait anxiety were randomly allocated to receive vapor aromatherapy using either Cananga odorata (experimental group) or virgin coconut oil (control group), given once for 30 minutes after their chemotherapy session. State anxiety was measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Form Y before and after aromatherapy.

Results No significant anxiety reduction was observed after vapor aromatherapy among participants with low and moderate anxiety in both treatment groups. However, the state anxiety scores were significantly lower in the experimental group when the low and moderate anxiety groups were combined. The difference in anxiety reduction between the treatment and control arms was significant in the moderate anxiety group but not in the low anxiety group.

Conclusion Cananga odorata VA conferred state anxiety reduction among Stage II and III Breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy who had moderate anxiety. 

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
The Health Sciences Journal
Publication Date
January-June 2014
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