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HERDIN Record #: NCR-JRRMMC-04101210040052 Submitted: 10 April 2012 Modified: 19 November 2012

Epidemiology of elbow injuries in children at Dr. Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center.

Oliver M. Atanacio,
Edwin Jerd T. Siatan

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Elbow injuries in the pediatric population can present problems to both orthopaedic surgeon and the health officer in terms of diagnosis and management.
The presentation of a child with a swollen, injured elbow still brings anxiety to the treating orthopaedic surgeon. In the region of the elbow, there are more indications for aggressive treatment, including operative management. Due to high incidence of complications in children's elbow injuries, the orthopaedic surgeon must have considerable effort aimed at making these injuries preventable.

To describe the epidemiology of elbow injuries in children seen at JRRMMC.

STUDY SETTING: Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center, February 1, 1999 to January 30, 2000

All patients 17 years old and below diagnosed to have elbow injuries.

Patients with other associated injuries other than the elbow patients injuries lasting for more than seven days and patients previously treated in other hospitals were excluded from this study. All patients were subjected to a thorough history and physical examination. They were subjected to conventional radiography (AP and true lateral views) A standard retrieval form was used in the collection of date.

This study was conducted solely on patients who consulted at JRRMMC. This study does not represent a perfect population since most of the patients live in or sustained their injuries within the area and its vicinity and the population in this study belong to the lower socio-economic class. A more accurate study would have been possible if all the case records are complete. The task of data collection were sometimes delegated to medical interns or clerks which may create inconsistencies. Some of the data sheets could not be completed by the author or medical interns/clerks because the informants were unreliable, patients failed to go on follow-up before the questionnaires are accomplished.

Disastrous complications of the injury to the growing child should serve an impetus to all parents, teachers and health officers. Effective prevention programs require local community participation and education. All the articles, lectures and pamphlets in the world cannot help unless local communities make the necessary changes to decrease such risks.

Publication Type
Research Report


To describe the epidemiology of elbow injuries in children seen at JRRMMC.

1. To determine the frequency and distribution of elbow injuries in children seen at JRRMMC.
2. To determine the type of management given to these patients.
3. To determine the need for better education for children, parents, school, and health officers in preventing these injuries.

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Medical Library, 5/F Training and Research Office, Jose R. Reyes Memorial Medical Center 00-01 #26 Fulltext Print Format

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