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HERDIN Record #: PCHRD121206061224 Submitted: 13 December 2006 Modified: 19 July 2019

National nutrition and health survey (NNHeS): Atherosclerosis - related diseases and risk factors.

Maria Vanessa Villarruz,
Ma Teresa B. Abola,
Antonio L. Dans,
Lourdes Amarillo,
Felix Eduardo R. Punzalan,
Felicidad V. Velandria,
Elizabeth Paz-Pacheco,
Artemio Jr Roxas,
Dante D. Morales

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are: 1) to determine the prevalence of 3 atherosclerotic diseases (angina, stroke and claudication) in the Philippines; and 2) to determine the prevalence of 5 risk factors for these diseases (dyslipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and smoking).

METHODS: Using a multi-staged cluster sampling methodology, this study evaluated 4753 adults aged 20 or more, from 2636 households, 79 provinces and 17 regions. The survey instruments included validated questionnaires, anthropometric measurements, and blood tests. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of angina, stroke and claudication in adult Filipinos were 12.5%, 1.9%,and 4.2% respectively. The prevalence rates of various risk factors were 8.5% for hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol > 240 mg/dL), 4.6% for diabetes (based on fasting blood sugar > 125 mg/dL or a previous history of diabetes), and 17.4% for hypertension (BP > 140/90 mm Hg on 2 visits, or a previous history of hypertension), The prevalence of obesity was 3.2% in men and 6.6% in women when body mass index (BMI) was used. These rates rose to 12.1% and 54.8% percent respectively when waist-hip ratio (WHR) was used. The prevalence of current smoking was 56.3% in men, 12.1% in women, and 34.8% overall. Smoking, by far, was the most common risk factor noted.

CONCLUSION: These data on atherosclerosis-related diseases and risk factors from the NNHeS provide clinicians and policy-makers a bird's eye view of the Philippine situation with respect to vascular disease and its risk factors. These data may be used for policy formulation and program prioritization. In addition, the information may serve as baseline measures to evaluate the success or failure of atherosclerosis control programs in the country. A 2nd NNHeS is planned in the year 2008.

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Philippine Journal of Cardiology
Publication Date
April-June 2005
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Fulltext Print Format
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