This study determined the relationship between perceived social support and motivation for therapy among drug dependents in selected rehabilitation centers in Cebu. Descriptive-Correlational study design was employed. A total 82 respondents from three different institutions participated. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet & Farley, 1988) was used to measure social support specifically from the 3 major sources of social support: family, friends and significant others. The Client Motivation for Therapy Scale (Pelletier, Tuson & Haddad, 1997) was used to measure the sources for drug therapy based on the 6 subscales representing the types of motivation namely Intrinsic, Integrated, Identified, Introjected, External and Amotivation. Internal consistency of the tools was validated through pilot testing.
Majority of the respondents were males (92.7%), young adults (80.5%), single (63.4%), college graduates (41.5%), and unemployed prior to rehabilitation (62.2%). The level of perceived social support was high overall (62.2%) and among all sources: family (70.7%), significant others (59.8%), friends (51.2%). The motivation for drug therapy corresponded moderately to Amotivation (62.2%) and highly to the other types of motivation: Identified (73.2%), Integrated (64.6%), Intrinsic (62.2%), Introjected (62.2%) and External (53.7%). There was significant relationship between perceived social support and the types of motivation - Intrinsic (ø=0.429, p˂0.05), Integrated (ø=0.423, p˂0.05), Identified (ø=0.436, p˂0.05), Introjected (ø=0.274, p˂0.05), External (ø=0.385, p˂0.05), Amotivation (ø=0.257, p˂0.05) among the drug dependents of selected rehabilitation centers in Cebu. Age, sex, civil status, educational attainment and employment did not affect the relationship between perceived social support and motivation for drug therapy.
Perceived social support influence the overall client motivation for therapy. Furthermore, perceived social support was also linked to the six domains of client motivation for therapy. The findings of this study were utilized to propose a social support network-based program to enhance adherence to drug rehabilitation.