Report an error   


Submitted: 08 November 2018 Modified: 07 December 2018
HERDIN Record #: R07-CDU-18110814392297

Knowledge of sexually transmitted infection and attitude on preventive measures among college students in a selected school in Mandaue City: A program to enhance attitude on prevention.

Cherisse Anne C. Balibalos,
Aiko s. Eugenio,
Louie Christian D. Hera,
Jennifer S. Javier,
Niña Mae M. Necesario,
Sheena Doreen C. Sabiona,
Neil Aljun L. Singson,
Armand K. Cuasito

See More

         A descriptive-correlational study was utilized to determine the relationship between knowledge on sexually transmitted infection and attitude on preventive measures towards sexually transmitted infection among college students. The research study was conducted in a selected college in Mandaue City. Complete enumeration was utilized and 304 respondents were gathered. "Sexually Transmitted Disease-Knowledge Questionnaire (STD-KQ)", a standardized 27-item tool developed by Jaworski and Carey in 2007, was used to determine the level of knowledge. "Attitude on Preventive Measures" questionnaire, a 13-item modified tool adapted from the study of Svensson and Waern (2013) that was used to measure attitude towards preventive measures on STI.



         Most of the respondents were young adults (62.5%) and majority were females (73%) and more than half of them were Roman Catholics (88.5%). The level of knowledge among respondents was low. The level of attitude among the respondents was high. Age, sex and religion did not affect the relationship between the two variables. Chi-square test was performed and showed no significant relationship between knowledge on Sexually Transmitted Infection and attitude on preventive measures towards Sexually Transmitted Infection (p-value=0.965) among selected college students in Mandaue City.



         There was no significant relationship between knowledge on sexually transmitted infection and attitude on preventive measures towards sexually transmitted infection. The researchers recommend the need for seminars on reproductive health, discussion on the common and prevalent diseases in the community that were focused in the study, consider existing programs related to STI, and collaborate with other agencies. In addition to that, there is a need to enhance attitude towards preventive measures of STI by conducting an open forum to address problems with openness of the respondents to topics about Sexually Transmitted Infection and the importance of protecting oneself, practicing safe sexual choices and accessing to high quality health care.

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Nursing
Publication Date
August 2017
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U5 K76b 2017 Fulltext Print Format (Ask the Information Officer)
1. (2001, November 30). Age. Dictionary. . Retrieved from: http://www.dictionary.com/browse/age
2. Al-Malki, B. M. . "Knowledge and awareness of sexually transmitted diseases among male university students in Taif, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 3(3): 342-348, 2014. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.070120141
3. Almazroui, A. . " It’s time for an uncomfortable conversation" The National , 2014. Retrieved from: http://https://www.thenational.ae/opinion/it-s-time-for-an-uncomfortable-conversation-1.444699
4. American Sexual Heal, . (). Prevention tips.. . Retrieved from: http://www.ashasexualhealth.org/stdsstis/prevention-tips/
5. American Sexual Heal, . (). STDs/STIs. . . Retrieved from: http://www.ashasexualhealth.org/stdsstis/
6. Bailey, E. . (2013, November 30). 10 ways to protect yourself from STDs. . Health Central . . Retrieved from: https://www.healthcentral.com/article/10-ways-to-protect-yourself-from-stds
8. Belimac, D. J. . (). HIV/STI prevention program.. . Retrieved from: http://www.doh.gov.ph/national-hiv/sti-prevention-program
9. Bridges, E. , Hauser, D. . (2013, November 30). Building an evidence-and rights-based approach to healthy decision-making. . Advocates for Youth. . Retrieved from: http://www.advocatesforyouth.org/publications/publications-a-z/2390-sexuality-education
10. Bonnema, O. , Rougoor, R. . (2011, November 30). Raising the awareness on HIV and AIDS in the Philippines.. . Retrieved from: http://www.worldschool.nl/uploads/publications/348a05606ffaf0c07b36dc0ba7d7ca53.pdf
11. Bueza, M. . (2014, November 30). MAP: Catholicism in the Philippines.. . Retrieved from: https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/iq/81162-map-catholicism-philippines
12. Carey, M. P. , Schroder, K. E. E. . "Development and psychometric evaluation of the brief HIV knowledge questionnaire (HIV-KQ-18)." AIDS education and Prevention 14, 174-184, 2002. Retrieved from: http://www.midss.org/content/hiv-knowledge-questionnaire-hiv-kq-18
13. Catalan-Matamoros, D. . The role of mass media. Health management: Different approaches and solutions 1987. 399-414. . Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.5772/836
14. Center for Young Wom, . (2016, November 30). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): General information. . Retrieved from: https://youngwomenshealth.org/2013/01/16/sti-information/
15. Centers for Disease , . (). Chlamydia: CDC fact sheet.. . Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia.htm
16. Centers for Disease , . (). STDs in adolescents and young adults. . Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/std/stats12/adol.htm
17. Centers for Disease , . (2016, November 30). Condom distribution programs. . Retrieved from: https://effectiveinterventions.cdc.gov/en/HighImpactPrevention/StructuralInterventions/CondomDistribution.aspx
18. David, L. . (2013, November 30). Erikson’s stages of development. . . Retrieved from: https://www.learning-theories.com/eriksons-stages-of-development.html
19. David, L. . (2014, November 30). Social learning theory (Bandura).. . Retrieved from: https://www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura.html
20. Dehne, K. L. , Riedner, G. . " Sexually transmitted infections among adolescents: The need for adequate health services." Reproductive Health Matter 9(17): 170-183, April 2001. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3776411?seq%2B1#page_can_tab_contents
21. Department of Health, . (2009, November 30). Policies and guidelines in the conduct of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counselling and testing in community and health facility settings [Administrative Order No. 2010-0028].. . Retrieved from: http://pafpi.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Administrative-Order-2010-0028-HIV-Counselling-Testing.pdf
22. Department of Health, . (2015, November 30). Newly diagnosed HIV cases in the Philippines. HIV/AIDS & ART Registry of the Philippines (HARP) Report. . . Retrieved from: http://www.doh.gov.ph/sites/default/files/statistics/EB_HIV_Mar-AIDSreg2016.pdf
23. Duong, L. Q. . Sexually transmitted disease prevention: Knowledge, attitudes, and practices among school pupils in rural Ghana . 2007. University of the Witwatersrand, . Retrieved from: http://https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/39665133.pdf
24. Dwivedi, P. K. , Pandey, I. . "Role of media in social awareness" International Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences 1(1): 2013. Retrieved from: http://giapjournals.com/index.php/hssr/article/view/hssr1110/23
25. Ekwaru, J. P. . The effect of abstinence, being faithful to one partner, and condom use (ABC) messages on HIV infection among youth in Uganda . 2012. University of California, . Retrieved from: http://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/etd/ucb/text/Ekwaru_berkeley_0028E_12223.pdf
26. Fabrigar, L. R. , Smith, S. M. , Petty, R. E. , Smith, S. M. , Crites Jr., S. L. . " Understanding knowledge effects on attitude–behavior consistency: The role of relevance, complexity, and amount of knowledge" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 90(4): 556-577, 2006. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1037/0022-3514.90.4.556
27. Francis, D. A. , DePalma, R. . " Teacher perspectives on abstinence and safe sex education in South Africa." Sex Education:Sexuality, Society and Learning 14(1): 2013. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1080/14681811.2013.833091
28. Geronimo, J. Y. . (2015, November 30). Sex education in PH schools still lacking- UNFPA.. . Retrieved from: https://www.rappler.com/nation/139118-sex-education-philippines-unfpa
29. Eng, T. R. , Butler, W. T. . (1996, November 30). The hidden epidemic: Confronting sexually transmitted diseases. . . Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK232933/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK232933.pdf
31. Herdon, J. . (2013, November 30). STD prevention.. Healthline. . Retrieved from: https://www.healthline.com/health/sexually-transmitted-diseases/safe-sex#takeaway
32. International Associ, . (2015, November 30). General health risks: Sexually transmitted infections. . . Retrieved from: https://www.iamat.org/country/philippines/risk/sexually-transmitted-infections
33. Jahanfar, S. , Sann Lye, M. , Rampal, L. . " Sexual behavior, knowledge and attitude of non-medical university students towards HIV/AIDS in Malaysia." Shiraz E-Medical Journal 11(3): 126-129, 2010. Retrieved from: http://https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ed3d/58d47a44a51fd4a2de91ebfac8a26f3a2793.pdf
34. Jaworski, B. C. , Carey, M. P. . "Development and psychometric evaluation of a self-administered questionnaire to measure knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases." AIDS and Behavior 11, 2007. Retrieved from: http://www.midss.org/content/sexually-transmitted-disease-knowledge-questionnaire-std-kq
35. Kalichman, S. , Stein, J. A. , Malow, R. , Averhart, C. , Devieux, J. , Jennings, T. , Feaster, D. J. . "Predicting protected sexual behaviour using the Information-Motivation-Behaviour skills model among adolescent substance abusers in court-ordered treatment." Psychology, Health & Medicine 7(3): 327-338, 2002. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1080/13548500220139368
36. The King, . (2014, November 30). Condoms in religion. . Retrieved from: https://www.discountcondomking.com/articles/condom-news/condoms-religion
37. LaBossiere, M. . (2007, November 30). Re: The ethics of STDs. . Retrieved from: https://aphilosopher.wordpress.com/2008/03/14/the-ethics-of-stds/
38. Lotfi, R. , Tehrani, F. R. , Yaghmaei, F. , Hajizadeh, E. . "Barriers to condom use among women at risk of HIV/AIDS: A qualitative study from Iran. " BMC Women’s Health 12, 2012. Retrieved from: http://https://bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/1472-6874-12-13?site=bmcwomenshealth.biomedcentral.com
39. The Manila Times., . "More young Filipinos HIV-positive" The Manila Times. , March 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.manilatimes.net/more-young-filipinos-hiv-positive/85420/
40. The Mash, . (2014, November 30). Re: Teens navigate their own paths when it comes to religion. . Retrieved from: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/the-mash/teens-navigate-their-own_b_8394484.html
41. Mayo Clinic, . (2016, November 30). Genital herpes. . Retrieved from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/genital-herpes/symptoms-causes/syc-20356161
42. Medline Plus, . (2015, November 30). Chlamydia infections. . Retrieved from: https://medlineplus.gov/chlamydiainfections.html
43. Miller, W. C. . (2009, November 30). Helping the obese patient find success.. . Retrieved from: https://www.westernschools.com/Portals/0/html/N1253/X73Fsj_files/OEBPS/Text/copyright.html
44. Mosqueda Jr., M. W. . (2013, November 30). STD cases in C. Visayas on the rise, says DoH.. Philippine Council for Health Research and Development. . Retrieved from: http://www.pchrd.dost.gov.ph/index.php/news/library-health-news/ 931-std-cases-in-c-visayas-on-the-rise-says-doh
45. Nordqvist, C. . (2016, November 30). What you need to know about STDs.. . Retrieved from: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/246491.php
46. Odimegwu, C. . "Influence of religion on adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviour among Nigerian university students: Affiliation or commitment?" African Journal of Health 9(2): 125-140, 2005. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.2307/3583469
47. Philippine Center fo, . (2000, November 30). A qualitative study of the beliefs, attitudes, perceptions and behavior of young people about identity, sexuality and health.. . Retrieved from: https://www.pcpd.ph/project/a-qualitative-study-of-the-beliefs-attitudes-perceptions-and-behavior-of-young-people-about-identity-sexuality-and-health
48. Philippine Country G, . (2005, November 30). Cebu Philippines people, culture and religion. . Retrieved from: http://www.philippinecountry.com/cebu/cebuanos.html
49. Philippine Statistic, . (2016, November 30). Population of Mandaue City as of August 1, 2015 grows at 31, 334. . Retrieved from: http://rsso07.psa.gov.ph/article/population-mandaue-city-august-1-2015-grows-31-334
51. Pierce, J. M. . (2017, November 30). STD list: Different types of bacterial STDs. . Retrieved from: https://www.thestdproject.com/different-types-bacterial-stds/
52. Quismundo, T. . "CHEd: There’s gender gap in college, work." Philippine Daily Inquirer , May 2012. Retrieved from: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/204499/ched-theres-gender-gap-in-college-work
53. Robinson, J. . (2015, November 30). Syphilis. . Retrieved from: https://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/syphilis#2
54. Ryan, P. . "Integrated theory of health behavior change: Background and Intervention Development." Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS 23(3): 161-172, 2009. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1097/NUR.0b013e3181a42373
55. Samkange-Zeeb, F. N. , Spallek, L. , Zeeb, H. . "Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: A systematic review of published literature" BMC Public Health 11, 2011. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-727
56. Santos, A. P. . (2015, November 30). Dying of shame and AIDS in the Philippines. . Retrieved from: http://www.dw.com/en/dying-of-shame-and-aids-in-the-philippines/a-19292896
57. Santos, T. G. . "March posts record in HIV cases-DOH" Philippine Daily Inquirer , May 2017. Retrieved from: http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/896432/march-posts record-in-hiv-cases-doh
58. Savi, T. . (2014, November 30). Re: Maturity does not depend on age! knowledge does not depend on degrees/certificates!. . Retrieved from: http://savithomassdb.blogspot.com/2015/04/maturity-does-not-depend-on-age.html
59. Sekirime, W. K. , Tamale, J. , Lule, J. C. , Wabwire-Mangen, F. . " Knowledge, attitude and practice about sexually transmitted disease among university students in Kampala. " African Health Sciences 1(1): 16-22, 2001. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/12789128/
60. (2016, November 30). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. . Retrieved from: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives/topic/sexually-transmitted-diseases
61. Svensson, L. , Waern, S. . Knowledge of and attitudes to sexually transmitted diseases among Thai university students: A questionnaire study. 2013. Uppsala Universitet, . Retrieved from: http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:632901/FULLTEXT01.pdf
63. (2016, November 30). Types of common STIs and STDs. . Retrieved from: https://www.besafemeds.com/std-sti-types/stis-caused-viruses/
64. Todd, N. . (2015, November 30). What is gonorrhea? What causes it? . . Retrieved from: https://www.webmd.com/sexual-conditions/guide/gonorrhea#1
65. Trazona, L. B. , Alegado, F. L. , Alo, J. A. V. , Bolanio, S. M. O. , Burgos, P. D. C. , Diotay, K. G. R. , Relampagos, D. M. Z. . A survey on the level of knowledge on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and their level of prevention attitude among selected female commercial sex workers of Cebu City: Basis for a proposed guidelines on the. Mandaue City. 2011. Cebu Doctors’ University,
66. United Nations Child, . (2010, November 30). Knowledge, Attitudes and practices survey: Healthy lifestyles. . Retrieved from: http://www.undp.org/content/dam/papp/docs/Publications/UNDP-papp-research-KAPB%20study.PDF
67. University Health Ce, . (2008, November 30). Sexually transmitted infections (STIs). University of Maryland . . Retrieved from: http://www.health.umd.edu/healthpromotion/sexualhealth/sti
68. Vinluan, D. M. . (2000, November 30). Adolescent and youth health program (AYHP). . Retrieved from: http://www.doh.gov.ph/adolescent-and-youth-health-program
69. Weaver, R. D. . An assessment of sexually transmitted disease knowledge among seventh grade. 2015. Walden University, . Retrieved from: http://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1609&context=dissertations
70. (2015, November 30). What is human papillomavirus (HPV)? . . Retrieved from: https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-human-papillomavirus-hpv-673647
71. World Bank, . (2003, November 30). Education and HIV/AIDS: A sourcebook of HIV/AIDS prevention programs.. . Retrieved from: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/111571468765305319/pdf/282590PAPER0Ed1ebook0see0also028259.pdf
72. World Health Organiz, . (1999, November 30). STI/HIV: 100% condom use programme in entertainment establishments.. . Retrieved from: http://www.hivpolicy.org/Library/HPP000180.pdf
73. World Health Organiz, . (). Gender. . Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/gender-equity-rights/understanding/gender-definition/en/
74. World Health Organiz, . (). Hepatitis B.. . Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs204/en/
75. World Health Organiz, . (). HIV/AIDS.. . Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs360/en/

Copyright © One Window Project 2018. All rights reserved.