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Submitted: 05 September 2017 Modified: 14 September 2017

Herdin Record #: R05-BCHRD-17090512455931

Compliance to Anti-Rabies Treatment of Animal-Bite Victims at Camarines Norte District I.

Researchers

NameRole
1Merle T. Villamonte Researcher

Related Institutions

Institutions NameRole
Universidad De Sta. Isabel

Publication Information

1.
Publication Type:
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree:
BS
Publication Date:
2011

Objectives

1) What is the demographic profile of the noncompliant animal-bite victims to anti-rabies treatment  in District I, Camarines Norte in terms of age, sex, educational attainment, income, employment, household size and distance to nearest health clinic/hospital


2) What is the percentage of noncompliance respondents to rabies treatment?


3) What are the reasons of the respondents' noncompliance to rabies treatment?


4) Are the respondents' reasons for noncompliance influenced by their profile?

Abstract

This study determined the compliance of the anti-rabies treatment of animal bite victims in District I, Camarines Norte using data from Labo District Hospital dated July 2010 to December 2010. This study specifically answered: 1) What is the demographic profile of the noncompliant animal-bite victims to anti-rabies treatment  in District I, Camarines Norte in terms of age, sex, educational attainment, income, employment, household size and distance to nearest health clinic/hospital; 2) What is the percentage of noncompliance respondents to rabies treatment? 3) What are the reasons of the respondents' noncompliance to rabies treatment? 4) Are the respondents' reasons for noncompliance influenced by their profile?


Through the application of Health Belief Model (HBM) the study was able to determine the underlying concept that health behaviour is determined by personal beliefs or perceptions about a decease and the strategies available to decrease its occurrence and came up with recommendations reduce noncompliance to anti-rabies treatments among animal-bite patients, and therefore reduce the frequency of animal-bites and rabies in District I, Camarines Norte.


In course of the study, the hypothesis that the respondents' reasons for non-compliance to anti-rabies treatment were significantly influenced by their profile was tested.


The study utilized the descriptive-correlational and retrospective cohort research method. To generate the needed data, a researcher-made checklist was distributed to 94 noncompliant animal-bite victims.


The statistical treatment employed in the study were as follows: 1) Noncompliant animal-bite victims are mostly males, below 15 years of age, is either in or had finished elementary, mostly unemployed earning monthly income of P3,000 and below, with 4-6 family members at home which is 7.8km away from the nearest hospital/clinic. 2) The two topmost reason for noncompliance are expensiveness of the anti-rabies treatment and unavailability of transportation fares with frequencies 53 (56.38%) and 45 (47.87%), rank one and two respectively. On the other hand, the two last reasons for noncompliance are belief in "tandok" and allergic reactions with frequencies of 0 (0%) and 1 (1.06%), rank 11 and 12 respectively.


 


Finally, the relationship of selected demographic characteristics to noncompliance using KST-Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test at 0.05 significance level showed non-compliance along the respondents' age and sex; while the CS-FE-Fishers Exact Tests showed significance at 0.05 significance level along the following; educational attainment, employment, monthly income, household size and distance of clinic to house respectively.