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Submitted: 04 August 2017 Modified: 09 August 2017
HERDIN Record #: PCHRD17080408414333

Asymptomatic accessory mitral valve leaflet with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.

Jeffrey Mendoza,
Myra  Tan-Delos Reyes

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BACKGROUND: An accessory mitral valve leaflet is a rare congenital anomaly usually associated with left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Fewer than 100 cases have been reported mostly occurring in children.


CASE: An asymptomatic 43-year-old female who came in for pre employment clearance was noted to have a systolic murmur. Echocardiography revealed an accessory mitral valve tissue attached to the anterior mitral valve leaflet. There was also a significant gradient noted across the LVOT. Patient is presently asymptomatic and she was advised follow up for serial echocardiographic monitoring.


DIAGNOSTICS: Twelve lead electrocardiogram showed normal sinus rhythm with normal axis, poor R wave progression and no chamber enlargement. Chest radiography was normal. 2D Echo revealed an echogenic, parachute-like structure billowing into the LVOT during systole. Interrogation of the said structure using Doppler revealed a significant pressure gradient of 45mmHg along the LVOT.


CONCLUSION: Accessory mitral valve with LVOT obstruction is an unusual finding. Clinical and echocardiographic recognition as well as surveillance is warranted in these patients. This is also important for determination of definitive management.

Publication Type
Journal
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Title
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine
Frequency
Quarterly
Publication Date
January-March 2016
Volume
54
Issue
1
Page(s)
1-3
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine Fulltext External Link (View)

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