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Submitted: 26 May 2016 Modified: 26 May 2016
HERDIN Record #: PCHRD16052609521330

Nasal-carriage and characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among hospital nurses of Tuguegarao City, Cagayan: A cross sectional study among hospital.

Jack  M. Regala

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The study aimed to determine the prevalence of MRSA infection in the selected hospitals and identify possible risk factors that contribute to its spread. 69 respondents from secondary hospitals (39 from public and 30 from private hospitals) were studies. The profile factors studies were hospital type, sex, position, length of service, and working hours. Of these, only the type of hospital and the staff position are the variables that affect MRSA carriage. There was a higher rate of infection in public hospitals (66.7%) compared to private hospital(30.00%). The calculated odds ration for the public hospital, the private hospital and both public hospital were 14, 0.29 and 2.31 respectively. Respondents were gauged on their knowledge of MRSA guidelines, policies for the admittance of MRSA-positive patients, the transportation guidelines, hand washing procedures and knowledge of hand hygiene products between public and private hospitals. 60.42%  of respondents were not confident of their knowledge of MRSA with 84.60% feeling they lacked information. Respondents from hospital A (68.40%), B (63.75%) and C (61.5%) were not informed of the MRSA status of patients who were admitted. 47.83% don't inform the transport service of the status of patients who were admitted. 47.83% don't inform the transport service of the status of the patient being transported. Hand hygiene was maintained  by constant washing soap and water and alcohols. Differences in policies of public and private hospitals may account for the differences in the number of infected individuals. 

Publication Type
Research Report
May 26, 2013-May 26, 2014
1. Banning, M . "Transmission and epidemiology of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus areus (MRSA): Current Perspectives" British Journal of Nursing 14(10): 548-554, 2005
2. Beam , JW , Buckley , B . "Community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus: Prevalence and risk factors" Journal of Nursing Administration 41(3): 337-340, 2006

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