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Submitted: 14 August 2012 Modified: 22 June 2018
HERDIN Record #: R07-SWU-MHAM-08141210080896

Modified fall risk assessment tool among elderly diagnosed with chronic disease .

1Antonieta A. Aceret
Department of Family and Community Medicine - Veterans Memorial Medical Center

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of risk factor to fall and to determine fall-related injuries among elderly patients.


SETTING: Out patient department, VMMC.


METHODS: A total of 432 veterans, their dependents and employees aged 60 and above, diagnosed with chronic disease were asked to answer the MFRAT questionnaire, perform time up and go test and undergo a mental status examination. The data were gathered and tallied using Microsoft Excel and statistical data analysis.


RESULTS: There were 262 females (60.65%) and 170 (39.95%) males, whose ages ranged from 60-94 years old. Majority were between 68-82 years old (x=75, SD=7.42). Two hundred fifty four of the respondents had history of fall (58.8%). Most of the elderlies were hypertensive. Antihypertensive drug, cardiovascular system drug, antidiabetic drug, analgesic and antiprostrate cancer drug were the most common medications taken by the elderly. There was a strong linear association between the number of drugs that elderly took and the occurance of a fall. Among the risk factors, medication, vision, unsafe environmental hazard, and difficulty in mobility were significantly associated with fall. It was also noted that age, gender and chronic disease were associated with fall. In this study, the odds of falling increased as the risk factor increased. Soft tissue contusion is considered as the most (85.03%) common fall-related injury.


CONCLUSION: Medication, vision, environmental hazard and balance showed a positive association with fall. MFRAT is a fall risk assessment tool used to identify patients at risk for falling that can be used in a health care facility.

1.
Publication Type:
Journal
Publication Sub Type:
Journal Article, Original
Title:
The Filipino Family Physician
Frequency:
Quarterly
Publication Date:
July-September 2008
Volume:
46
Issue:
3
Page(s):
170-178
Publisher:
Philippine Academy of Family Physicians

LocationCall NumberAvailable FormatAvailability
Southwestern University Fulltext Print Format
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Box No. 103 Fulltext pdf (Request Document)
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