The involvement of men- one of the recommended courses of action at the Cairo Conference (Ashford 1995), and at the National front (Coliver 1995; CLD, 1996; Ford Foundation, 1998) has been assessed as both important and urgent in women's health initiatives. The dearth of broad knowledge about women's health projects in the Philippines is a distinct disadvantage: it restricks comprehension of how male involvement - a critical input to women's health as stressed in the quotations - can be introduced or strengthened in women-centered developmental concerns.
This one-year national study which henceforth will be called MWPS98 (Men-Women Partnership Study 1998), is a pioneering attempt at documenting and examining the extent to which men are involved in women's health projects. With its findings, the study hopes to draw attention to and cultivate further interest in the integration of male involvement in women's health efforts in particular. The study examines the status, challenges and prospects of male involvement in women's health studies and action projects through a questionnaire survey, personal interviews, focus group discussions, (FDG's) and document analysis. The worse "initatives" pertains to research/studies or action projects/interventions. The term "women;s health initiatives" refers to a research or intervention where women from the communities were the target group or immediate beneficiaries. "Male involvement or "male participation" is defined using two questions: Were men included as respondents or discussants in studies in which women were the target groups? Were they addressed as well as clientelle in action projects where women were the target group? The women and men of interest in MWPS98 were aged 25 and older.
Although the national inquiry- throught the questionnaire survey- had identified women -related efforts from numerous health diciplines, the core concerns of the MWPS98 were reproductive health (RH), STD/AIDS (SA) and domestic violence (DV). The studies and action projects or interventions covered were those completed or in progress between 1994 and the middle of 1998. To be considered as well in the study, intervention had to be community-based, and both research and interventions should at least have been of one year duration. MWPS98, while encompassing all of the country's regional urban centers and their peripheral communities for its questionnaire survey, delimited the geographic focus of its interviews and FGDs to five highly urbanized cities sue to time and fund limitations. These cities were Metro Manila, Metro Cebu, Metro Davao, Iloilo City and Cagayan de Oro -sites in which women's health activities have been actively pursued.
To establish the need for the inclusion of the male prespective in identified women's health studies and action projects;2. To examine the focus and scope of male participation in past and present (1970-1997) women's health studies and action-oriented initiatives;3. To determine the methodologies and formats through which the male perspective has been explored in studies or covered in these action projects;4. To examine conditions at the societal, familial and individual levels which hastened or impinged upon the inclusion or integration of male perspective in these studies/projects;5. To explore - at the individual and psychological levels - why men participated or did not participate in selected action-oriented projects; and 6. To examine the prospects for the broadening of the integration of male perspective in selected development initiatives.