OBJECTIVE: This study reports on the clinical experience of St. Luke's Medical Center on hyperbaric oxygen therapy, analyzing factors affecting clinical outcomes.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the St. Luke's Medical Center from April 2007 to February 2008. The uses and treatment outcomes of hyperbaric oxygen therapy including factors that may affect outcome such as age, sex, number of sessions, hyperbaric oxygen therapy pressure, diagnosis, treatment status, and tolerance to procedure were recorded. Factors that are significantly associated with treatment outcome, were determined using chi square or Fisher exact test at R = 0.05.
RESULTS: Out of the 35 patients who underwent HBOT, 60 percent came from the 19-65 years old group. The group with diabetic non-healing wounds constituted the majority of patients (15, 43 percent), followed by non-diabetic wounds (13, 37 percent). Using univariate analysis , factors including diagnosis, number of sessions, and treatment status were significantly associated with good outcome. On the other hand, multivariate analysis showed that diagnosis and number of sessions were statistically significant.
CONCLUSION: The most important factors associated with success of treatment were the diagnosis (diabetic wounds), number of sessions as well as the completion of the recommended treatment of hyperbaric oxygen therapy.