This study entitled "Lifestyle Modification among Hypertensive Clients in a Rural Community" is an action research utilizing descriptive-exploratory design to determine lifestyle factors contributing to hypertension among residents of Upper Calarian, Zamboanga City, Philippines. It sought to determine how Lifestyle Modification Program can assist in control of hypertension.
This study was conceptualized to develop lifestyle modification strategies for hypertensive clients utilizing concepts and principles of social learning theory of Albert Bandura. By representing foreseeable outcomes symbolically, people can convert future consequences into current motivators of behavior (Bandura, 1977)
This study covered ten hypertensive residents. A purposive-convenient sampling was utilized. The data were gathered through utilization of validated researcher-made questionnaire. Ethics committee approved this. Participants consented before researchers made the interview.
The study consists of three phases. In Assessment Phase, lifestyle factors were determined: exercise, diet, vices (alcohol and cigarette), stress management, and poor health practices (non-compliance to treatment regimen). During Implementation Phase, a lecture on healthy lifestyle modification was conducted including low fat and salt and high fiber foods, increasing physical activity, managing stress and proper health practices. Participants were given a journal to record their weekly progress. During Evaluation Phase, an Evaluation Guide determine health teaching outcome, consisting of those components as to that in the prior assessment and their blood pressure was also monitored every week for one month duration.
Study results revealed that poor lifestyle factors contributed to hypertension. Most of hypertensive respondents are attuned with Lifestyle Modification Program. Respondents gradually changed their lifestyle to a more productive by avoiding salty and fatty foods, exercising more, minimizing vices, realizing the importance of regular medical check-up and compliance to treatment regimen. About stress, most of them able to cope through watching television, sleeping, and eating.
Finally, Lifestyle Modification Program is an effective strategy to maintain a healthy lifestyle.