BACKGROUND: Dengeu Fever (DF), an acute febrile disease caused by the dengue virus, is one of the most significant mosquito-bore diseases in terms of morbidity and mortality.
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the level of awareness of mothers aged 20-60 years from six barangays in Iloilo City on dengue fever based on their knowledge and preventive practices.
METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in six randomly selected barangays in Iloilo City, namely: Ortiz-City proper, North Avancena-Molo, Oñate de Leon-Mandurriao, Sto Niño Norte-Arevalo, Our Lady of Lourdes-Jaro and Rail-way La Paz. The mothers were in interviewed with a questionnaire designed and translated to Hiligaynon by the researchers. The study included 332 mothers ages 20-6 years (mean=43) chosen thru convenience sampling.
RESULTS: The knowledge of the diseases was satisfactory. Practices on prevention were significantly different among the six barangays. Brgy Ortiz had the lowest score. Practices on prevention not significant associated with age and not significantly different with each educational category. There was significant association of preventive practice and monthly income with the high income group (PHP >10,000) having a significantly higher score. Most of the respondents had no history of DF. The prominent findings obtained were: bacteria was the etiologic agent; mosquito bite was the primary agent of transmission; male and female were affected alike; children 0-5 years were more prone ; DF occurred mostly June to August; rainy weather was the reason for prevalence; reinfection is possible; no vaccine was available; fever, rashes, weakness, petechiae, and anorexia and anorexia were the top five sings and symptoms. Dyspnea, cold,dysphagia/odynophagia, cough with phlegm, and vesicular lesions were the top five signs and symptoms considered as misconceptions. Changing water in the containers was top among the specific preventive measure. Majority went directly in hospital if family member exhibited signs/symptoms suggestive of DF. Majority used repellents, usually mosquito coils. Regular house and backyard cleaning was the most common prevention method observed and fogging in the locality was seldom done. Radio was the main source of the information about the disease.
CONCLUSION: Mothers of the Iloilo City are satisfactorily knowledgeable about dengue fever and practice strategies preventing its occurrence.
KEYWORDS: Dengue fever, preventive measures.