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Submitted: 27 December 2017 Modified: 31 July 2018
HERDIN Record #: NCR-UERMMMC-17122711221016

Functional capacity assessment of below-the-knee prosthesis patients: a cross-sectional study.


Introduction
Prosthetic devices are designed to simulate a lost limb and return functionality to the user.
This study was conducted to assess the functional capacity of lower limb prosthesis users.

Methodology
This cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with below-the-knee prosthetic devices above 18 years old. They were recruited into the study via relay of contact information from a healthcare institution and data was collected via a scripted telephone interview. Questions including patient demographics, disability and prosthesis history, and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale questionnaire were answered by the participating subjects.

Results
Twenty-five patients participated in the study. All respondents had a score difference greater than 9 points, therefore presenting a positive minimal clinically important difference in functional capacity (range=16-53, mean=38.80, SD=9.38) A significant difference was detected between the mean scores of respondents classified according to sex(p=0.03) and comfort in using the prosthetic device (p=0.03). No significant difference was observed among the mean scores of respondents upon classification by age (p=0.75), laterality (p=0.35), cause of disability (p=0.97), legth of prosthesis training (p=0.40), duration of daily prosthesis use (p=0.22), and duration of use of current prosthesis. (p=0.24).

Conclusion
An increase of functional capacity is attained in patients with lower limb disabilities through the use of prosthetic device.

Key Words
Lower limb, Disability, Prosthesis, Functional capacity, Lower extremity functional scale.

Publication Type
Research Project
Date
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
UERMMMC RP M 2013-2014 Fulltext Print Format (Ask the Information Officer)
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5. Wiener, JM , hanleythe, RJ , Clark, R , Nostrand, JF . Measuring Activities of Daily Living: Comparison Across National Surveys.. 1990.