Prosthetic devices are designed to simulate a lost limb and return functionality to the user.
This study was conducted to assess the functional capacity of lower limb prosthesis users.
This cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with below-the-knee prosthetic devices above 18 years old. They were recruited into the study via relay of contact information from a healthcare institution and data was collected via a scripted telephone interview. Questions including patient demographics, disability and prosthesis history, and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale questionnaire were answered by the participating subjects.
Twenty-five patients participated in the study. All respondents had a score difference greater than 9 points, therefore presenting a positive minimal clinically important difference in functional capacity (range=16-53, mean=38.80, SD=9.38) A significant difference was detected between the mean scores of respondents classified according to sex(p=0.03) and comfort in using the prosthetic device (p=0.03). No significant difference was observed among the mean scores of respondents upon classification by age (p=0.75), laterality (p=0.35), cause of disability (p=0.97), legth of prosthesis training (p=0.40), duration of daily prosthesis use (p=0.22), and duration of use of current prosthesis. (p=0.24).
An increase of functional capacity is attained in patients with lower limb disabilities through the use of prosthetic device.
Lower limb, Disability, Prosthesis, Functional capacity, Lower extremity functional scale.