Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common and lifelong disease. Yet, patients with DM are not always aware of the course and possible complications of their disease. This calls for a need to look at the health education methods that health professionals can use to properly inform patients about their disease and determine the effectiveness of such tools or methods. This study aims to determine the effect of using visual narrative as compared to traditional lecture on increasing the level of knowledge about DM of diabetic patients in a community. Specifically, it aims to compare the mean DM knowledge scores between visual narrative group and traditional lecture group before and after intervention.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study compared the use of visual narrative to traditional lecture in increasing the level of knowledge of patients with diabetes mellitus about their disease. Participants were chosen from Tagalog-speaking communities via cluster sampling, with a total of 120 participants. All participants were assessed for eligibility and were recruited based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria described herein. Eligible participants were assigned to two differentt interventions, with one group receiving the visual narrative form of DM education and another group receiving the visual narrative form of DM education and another group receiving a lecture about DM. All participants were subjected to a post-test.
Results: At baseline, visual narrative group was comparable to traditional lecture group in terms of knowledge about DM. After intervention, patients who received visual narrative form of DM education demonstrated higher scores in the posttest compared with the patients who receuved traditional lecture (17.43 ± 4.31, P=0.013). These findings suggest that visual narrative is more effective in increasing the knowledge of patients about DM compared to traditional lecture method of teaching, though only by a small margin.
Conclusion: Use of visual narrative in health education proves to be a viable alternative to traditional lecture. With this method of health teaching as an alternative to lecture based information dissemination, health educators can be more effective on educating patients and communities.
Keywords: Diabtes Mellitus,Visual Narrative, DM Knowledge.