Report an error   


Submitted: 11 September 2017 Modified: 02 August 2019
HERDIN Record #: PCHRD17091117013410

Medical education: Effectiveness of two simulation teaching methods in developing intubation skills of year level six medical students (clinical clerks).

Ryner Jose D. Carrillo,
Nomar M. Alviar,
Leo Daniel D. Caro ,
Ruzanne M. Caro,
Armando  C. Crisostomo,
Lorna  R. Cruz,
Heizel Manapat-Reyes,
Fernando E. Serra

See More

OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of two simulation teaching methods in developing intubation skills of year level six medical students (clinical clerks).
METHODS: Students were shown a 6-minute video on intubation. Students were exposed to video-assisted learning, video-assisted learning with instructor-guided simulation, and video-assisted learning with experiential learning. Each student was assessed by a non-graded 11 point objective structured clinical examination.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The three learning strategies: 1. Video-assisted learning, 2. Video-assisted learning with instructor-guided simulation, 3. Video-assisted learning with experiential learning (self-discovery learning) simulation showed OSCE mean scores (standard deviations) of 5.76 (2.16), 7.21 (2.35) and 7.60 (1.72), respectively. Failure of intubation was 21% (8/38), 2% (1/40) and 0% (0/36), respectively. There is an absolute risk reduction of 27-30% in failure of intubation when either VGL or VEL is used. Students recognized the contribution of the simulation-based activities to the development of their intubation skills. They appreciated the opportunity to actually perform intubation in a rehearsal setting before doing the procedure on real patients.
CONCLUSION: Medical simulation enhanced student skills development. Experiential learning or self-discovery learning method may be as effective as instructor guided simulation.

Publication Type
Journal
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Title
Acta Medica Philippina
Frequency
Quarterly
Publication Date
April-June 2017
Volume
51
Issue
2
Page(s)
65-68
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Box No. 102 Fulltext Print Format (Request Document)
Philippine Council for Health and Research Development Fulltext pdf (Request Document)
Acta Medica Philippina Fulltext External Link (View)