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HERDIN Record #: PCHRD17091117013410 Submitted: 12 September 2017 Modified: 02 August 2019

Medical education: Effectiveness of two simulation teaching methods in developing intubation skills of year level six medical students (clinical clerks).

Ryner Jose D. Carrillo,
Nomar M. Alviar,
Leo Daniel D. Caro ,
Ruzanne M. Caro,
Armando  C. Crisostomo,
Lorna  R. Cruz,
Heizel Manapat-Reyes,
Fernando E. Serra

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OBJECTIVE: To describe outcomes of two simulation teaching methods in developing intubation skills of year level six medical students (clinical clerks).
METHODS: Students were shown a 6-minute video on intubation. Students were exposed to video-assisted learning, video-assisted learning with instructor-guided simulation, and video-assisted learning with experiential learning. Each student was assessed by a non-graded 11 point objective structured clinical examination.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The three learning strategies: 1. Video-assisted learning, 2. Video-assisted learning with instructor-guided simulation, 3. Video-assisted learning with experiential learning (self-discovery learning) simulation showed OSCE mean scores (standard deviations) of 5.76 (2.16), 7.21 (2.35) and 7.60 (1.72), respectively. Failure of intubation was 21% (8/38), 2% (1/40) and 0% (0/36), respectively. There is an absolute risk reduction of 27-30% in failure of intubation when either VGL or VEL is used. Students recognized the contribution of the simulation-based activities to the development of their intubation skills. They appreciated the opportunity to actually perform intubation in a rehearsal setting before doing the procedure on real patients.
CONCLUSION: Medical simulation enhanced student skills development. Experiential learning or self-discovery learning method may be as effective as instructor guided simulation.

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Acta Medica Philippina
Publication Date
April-June 2017
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Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Box No. 102 Fulltext Print Format (Request Document)
Philippine Council for Health and Research Development Fulltext pdf (Request Document)
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