Report an error   


Submitted: 24 October 2016 Modified: 23 January 2019
HERDIN Record #: R07-HNU-16102409260237

Therapeutic management of asthma: Patients' knowledge, skills and attitudes.

Ingrid C. Tubio

See More

INTRODUCTION:


Over the last three decades, allergic diseases and asthma have become increasingly prevalent throughout the world and the trend continues upwards. These diseases are noted both in children and adults, and across all social classes.


Asthma affects people of all ages and the most common chronic respiratory disease among adults and children and the third leading cause of hospitalizations. According to the United Nation Daily Highlights, asthma kills over 180,000 people worldwide annually. The Philippines is ranked  32nd in "self-reported asthma" and the country has a prevalence rate of about 12%. It affects over six million Filipinos. Over all, one out of 10 Filipinos has asthma, based on a Philippine General Hospital survey (www.senate.gov.ph).


This complex disorder involves biochemical, immunologic, endocrine, infectious and psychologic factors. It is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. Sometimes symptoms are mild and go away on their own or after minimal treatment with an asthma medicine. At other times, symptoms continue to get worse. When symptoms get more intense and/or additional symptoms appear, this is an asthma attack. Asthma attacks also are called flare ups or exacerbations.


Despite nationwide efforts to manage asthma, the adverse outcomes of asthma continue to increase. Asthma is  a complex problem that is affected by individual and family behaviors, health policy, the health care system, schools, housing and the environment and other social, economic and cultural factors. Patient education is an essential component of proper asthma management, though knowledge acquisition does not always translate into preventive or prescribed behaviors that could help improve health outcomes.


People everywhere and in every age have struggled with asthma, a chronic disease that affects the airways, that carry air in and out of the lungs. Many factors can provoke  an asthma attack, such as allergens, airborne, irritants, viral infections, or occupational exposure to items such as noxious smoke.


In the Philippines, alternative therapies are used to treat asthma particularly in barrios where health facilities and supplies are scarce. The use of traditional therapy and medicines has been embedded in the Philippine culture. The knowledge and skills on the curative application of alternative therapy and medicines has been handed down from generation to generation. That is why this has been a common practice and is widely accepted in the society.


With these, behaviors of people are greatly regarded for choosing such alternative therapy or medicine. Because health and illness are complex concepts, it is essential to understand the relationships between these concepts and the client's attitudes towards health.


These are the reasons why the researcher wanted to study the knowledge, skills and attitudes of patients' with asthma in relation to their ways and strategies to manage their ways and strategies to manage their asthma because the researcher herself had asthma since childhood. Despite all the newest treatment modalities that the researcher have tried, these disease had always been and until now still experience having an asthma every now and then. On the other hand, these could somehow help other asthmatic clients control their asthma attacks and improve their quality of life.

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
MA
Specialization
Medical-Surgical Nursing
Publication Date
March 2010
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Holy Name University T/CON /An79 Fulltext Print Format (Ask the Information Officer)
1. Kozier, B . Fundamentals of nursing New Jersey, USA: Pearson Education, 2004.
2. National Center for , . New asthma estimates: Tracking prevalence, health care and mortality 2001.
3. O, P.U . Manual of asthma management 2001. (2nd ed)
4. Smeltzer, Bare . Brunner and Suddarths: Textbook of medical-surgical nursing 2004. (20th ed)
5. Potter, P , Perry, A . Fundamentals of nursing Singapore: Mosby, Inc., 2005. (6th ed)
6. Smeltzer, Bare . Brunner and Suddarths textbook of medical surgical nursing 2004. (20th ed)
7. Gibson, Powell H. Options for self management education for adults with asthma 2003.
8. Zainudin, B . Respirology Blackwell Publishing, 2005. (Vol. 10)
9. Myers, T . Disease management and health outcomes Adis International Publishing, 2004. (Vol. 10)
10. Cohen, J . "Herbs for asthma treatment" Cochrane Database System Review , 2003-2003
11. McEwen, B . "Stress and the individual" Internal Medicine 153(18): 2093-20101, 1993-1993
12. Britton, J . "The role of diet in the aetiology of asthma" Clin Exp Allergy 30, 615-627, 2000-2000
13. Kraus, S . "Attitudes and the prediction of behavior" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 21, 1993-1993
14. Abdulwadud, O . (2006, November 30). The relationships of patients. . Retrieved from: www.ingentaconnect.com
15. Adkinson, A . (2002, November 30). What is asthma and how it affects the body. . Retrieved from: http://news-medical.net
16. Buston, K . (2006, November 30). Non-compliance among patients with asthma: Understanding to what they tell us about self-management. . Retrieved from: http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
17. Centers for Disease , . (2002, November 30). Self reported asthma prevalence and control among adults. cdc. . Retrieved from: www.cdc.gov
18. Cohen, G . (2007, November 30). Asthma research: Diet and lifestyle. . Retrieved from: www.internethealth.com
19. Berns, E . (2007, November 30). Asthma and food allergy: The epidemiological link between asthma and food allergy. . Retrieved from: www.medscape.com
20. MacNaughton, K . (2007, November 30). Impact of weather and climate change on asthma. . Retrieved from: www.medscape.com
21. Bender, B G. (2004, November 30). Patient identified barriers to asthma treatment adherence. . Retrieved from: www.linkinghub.elsevier.com
22. O Haire Joshu, . (1992, November 30). A comparison of patient attitudes towards asthma self-management. . Retrieved from: www.informa.healthcare.com
23. Erharbor, G . (2007, November 30). Patient. . Retrieved from: www.ncbi.nlm.gov/pubmed
24. Ferreria, M . (2007, November 30). The role of patient. . Retrieved from: www.psaai.org.articles
25. Haughney, J . (2004, November 30). Achieving asthma control in practice: Understanding the reasons for self control. Nursing Research. . Retrieved from: www.nursingresearch.com
26. Jas, A . (2006, November 30). Recommended diet for asthma patients. . Retrieved from: www.ezinearticles.com
27. Joshu, D . (2006, November 30). A comparison of patient attitudes toward asthma self management among acute and preventive care setting. . Retrieved from: www.nursingresearch.com
28. Metcalfe, L . (2004, November 30). . Retrieved from: www.nationmaster.com/encylopedia/Arbularyo.html
29. Oversteegen, . (2008, November 30). Inhaler device: Still a major hurdle in asthma. . Retrieved from: www.goliath.acnext.com
30. Pleshette, A . (2006, November 30). Asthma and diet. . Retrieved from: www.homeremediesforyou.com
31. Quinn, J . (2006, November 30). American academy of allergy. . Retrieved from: www.clinicaltrial.gov.ph
32. Santiago, M . (2004, November 30). Asthma awareness, education and treatment act of 2005. . Retrieved from: www.senate.gov.ph
33. Tallo, V . (2008, November 30). Asthma and peak flow monitoring. . Retrieved from: www.newa-medical.net
34. Tallo, V . (2004, November 30). Piang, panuhot or the moon: The folk etiology of cough among Boholano mothers.. The Philippine Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. . Retrieved from: www.psmid.org.ph
35. The Philippine Star, . (2007, November 30). Detect triggers: A must in asthma management. PCHRD. . Retrieved from: www.pchrd.dost.gov.ph
36. Wong, M . (2004, November 30). Alternative methods in treating asthma. . Retrieved from: www.health.state.mn.us