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Submitted: 05 July 2013
HERDIN Record #: R04A-DLSHSI-13070515131636

The Association of Biopsychosocial Factors to the Control of Hypertension among Hypertensive Patients Age 18 and Older Seen in DLSUMC FM OPD from March to June 2012

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OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of biopsychosocial factors in terms of self efficacy, sense of control and social support, in the control of hypertension among hypertensive patients age 18 and older, seen in DLSUMC FM OPD from March to June 2012; to determine the prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive patients age 18 and older; to determine who among the patients have or have no self efficacy, sense of control and social support; to compare the proportion of patients with self efficacy, sense of control and social support among those with controlled and uncontrolled hypertension; to compare the proportion of patients with good and poor compliance with medications and low salt, low fat diet among those with self efficacy, sense of control and social support; to determine if good compliance with medications and low salt, low fat diet is positively associated with the control of hypertension.

METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in DLSUMC FM OPD on hypertensive patients age 18 and older. A total of 95 patients were selected. They were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding self efficacy, sense of control, social support, and compliance to diet and medication. Their blood pressure was also measured. Data was analyzed using EpiInfo.

RESULTS: There were 32 (33.6%) uncontrolled and 63 (66.4%) controlled hypertensives among the 95 patients. Of the three biopsychosocial factors, only sense of control was found to be associated with compliance to diet , with p value of 0.002 . There was no association between compliance to diet and medication with the control of hypertension (P values 0.126 and 0.543). There is no association between sense of control, self efficacy and social support, and the control of hypertension (p values of 0.459, 0.157 and 0.221).

CONCLUSION: There is no association between sense of control, self efficacy and social support and the control of hypertension. With regards to the compliance with diet, only sense of control was significantly associated. Compliance to diet and medication was not associated with the control of hypertension,

Objectives

To determine the association of biopsychosocial factors in terms of self efficacy, sense of control and social support, in the control of hypertension among hypertensive patients age 18 and older, seen in DLSUMC FM OPD from March to June 2012; to determine the prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension among hypertensive patients age 18 and older; to determine who among the patients have or have no self efficacy, sense of control and social support; to compare the proportion of patients with self efficacy, sense of control and social support among those with controlled and uncontrolled hypertension; to compare the proportion of patients with good and poor compliance with medications and low salt, low fat diet among those with self efficacy, sense of control and social support; to determine if good compliance with medications and low salt, low fat diet is positively associated with the control of hypertension.