The main focus of this study is to determine the caring behaviors of the levels two, three and four nursing students in the three universities within Zamboanga City, through a self assessment questionnaire.
Specifically, the study sought to answer the research problems: The first research question focused on the sociodemographic profile of the respondents in terms of: year level, gender, socioeconomic status, and ethnicity. The second research question is the level of caring behaviors of the BSN students in terms of physical aspects, emotional aspects, psychological aspects, and human dignity/rights aspects of care. The third problem is there a significant difference in the caring behaviors among the nursing students when respondents are classified according to their profile, which are the year level, gender, SES, and ethnicity? The fourth research question is to what extent the following factors such as patient factors, environmental factors, and personal factors affect the nursing students' caring behaviors? The fifth research problem, is there a significant difference in the extent the factors affect the respondents' caring behaviors in terms of their profile? Finally, the sixth posted research problem is on the basis of the findings, what caring program can be designed to enhance BSN students caring behavior?
This study was guided by the null hypotheses and tested at 0.05 level of significance which states that there is no significant difference among the BSN students caring behaviors when respondents are classified according to their profile and there is no significant difference in the extent the factors affect the respondents' caring behaviors in terms of their profile. This study utilized the quantitative descriptive research design employing survey questionnaire - checklist instrument. The respondents of this study are the BSN students in the second, third and fourth year level of the three universities within Zamboanga City. The respondents were randomly selected following the suggested method of sampling by Gay (1976) for a descriptive- qualitative research, 20 % of the total population can be utilized as sample respondents. There were 451 respondents out of the 619 expected population samples. The quantitative data gathered from the survey instrument were tallied and analyzed using statistical computation. The Frequency Count and Percentage, Weighted Mean, t-test and one way ANOVA were the statistical tools used in the interpretation and analysis of the findings. The findings revealed that majority of the respondents were BSN students in the fourth year level, females, belonged to monthly income that ranges from P15, 001 - P20, 000 and they were Tausugs. As assessed by themselves the BSN students possessed the highest level of caring behaviors in all aspects of care they were asked to reflect on in their practice of nursing either in the hospital and/or in the community setting. The findings revealed that there was no significant difference in the caring behaviors of the respondents in terms of year level and gender profile. When respondents were grouped according to socioeconomic status and ethnicity, the results revealed a significant difference in their level of caring behaviors. The extent the factors affect the caring behaviors of the BSN students revealed that in spite non favorable patient, environmental and personal factors, the respondents will still give their best care to the patients. Finally, in terms of the socioeconomic factor, the results showed that there is a significant difference in the extent the factors affect the caring behaviors of the nursing students. In spite the common knowledge that students get in to nursing in the Philippines because of the lure of earning dollars outside the country. In the study made, the researcher found out that students, who enrolled to nursing, are indeed enrolled because of their desire to care for others. As professionals and nursing educators, may we serve as role models to these future nurses where our own health may depend in their very hands.