Seventy percent of the world population are living in dengue-prone areas where two known Stegomyia mosquito vector species namely Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus live in peridomestic habitats. About 50-100 million people are infected yearly, accounting for half a million hospitalizations and 12,500-25,000 deaths, twice as much in children as in other age groups. From nine countries before 1970 dengue is endemic in more than 110 countries to date. Considered by WHO as second only to malaria and one of sixteen so-called neglected tropical diseases, the disease burden of dengue is estimated to be 1600 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per million population, similar to other childhood and tropical diseases such as tuberculosis and polio.
In line with the 6th UN Millennium Development Goal which is to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major infectious diseases, the goal of dengue control is to reduce morbidity and mortality resulting from infection with dengue viruses and its clinical sequelae. This project is part of the National Research Council's Remove Dengue Program in collaboration with the Philippine Council for Health Research and Development and the Department of Health. Given the increasing importance of dengue as a public health problem the project aims to collate knowledge on dengue in providing the framework for dengue control with due regard to culture, governance, and human resources in the Philippines.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROJECT: Dengue prevention and control will translate into savings on expenses for treatment of patients, loss of human life, and improved quality of life.
INTENDED END-USERS: Researchers, Clinicians, Disease control/vector control personnel, Program managers, Teachers and students in tropical medicine and in the health sciences, Other interested individuals (general readership)