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Submitted: 16 May 2007 Modified: 24 May 2019
HERDIN Record #: PCHRDPC971805

Identifying the nutritionally vulnerable households in the Philippines.

 Santos CLG

This study identifies the nutritionally vulnerable households in three regions of the Philippines, Eastern Visayas, Southern Mindanao and Central Luzon, chosen for their distinctly different food production and consumption patterns. Through descriptive, regression and probit analyses, the food consumption patterns and consumption behavior of specific household groups were identified. Alternative price and income policies were then examined through the regression models to assess their impact on raising the food consumption levels of the vulnerable household groups. Data used in the analysis were taken from a series of quarterly nationwide food consumption surveys conducted by the Special Studies Division of the Ministry of Agriculture from 1973-1976 inclusive. Semilogarithmic consumption functions were fitted separately for each region with total caloric consumption of the four main staples- rice, corn, wheat and rootcrops taken separately as the dependent variables. Because of the large number of households with zero consumption of specific staples, probit analysis was used to estimate the probability of consumption and adjust the elasticity estimates from the regression analysis accordingly. The result of the study confirmed earlier nutritional reports of the existence of low levels of total caloric consumption in all three study regions. However, even among the poorest families, with a rise in the level of income, households in Eastern Visayas and Southern Mindanao where corn and rootcrops were widely consumed, substituted rice for these cheaper but less preferred starchy staples. Apparently in part, as a consequence of this behavior, the analysis showed that attempts to raise the level of calorie consumption by increasing income by 10 percent or lowering the price of staples by 30 percent resulted in only a modest increase in the level of consumption of the nutritionally vulnerable households. (Author)

Publication Type
Proceedings of the 1st National Nutrition Congress
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