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Submitted: 01 August 2008
HERDIN Record #: PCHRD073108020724

Sixth National Nutrition Survey, Philippines, 2003: Anemia prevalence .

Corazon V. Barba,
Josefina A. Desnacido,
Revelita L. Cheong,
Ma Isabel Z. Cabrera,
Juanita M. Marcos,
Elaine S. Perez,
Juanita R. Madriaga

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The Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI, DOST) conducts the National Nutrition Surveys every five years as part of its mandate. These surveys indicated that young children, pregnant and lactating women, and the elderly were the most vulnerable to nutrition changes. The surveys were made to re-assess the prevalence and severity of anemia among infants, young children aged 6 months to 12 years, and pregnant and lactating women. The survey included all infants and children aged 6 months to 12 years, and pregnant and lactating women from sample households of one of four replicates covered in the 2003 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) of the National Statistics Office (NSO). Hemoglobin (Hb) was analyzed from a finger prick blood sample by the cyanmethemoglobin method. The prevalence of anemia Was determined using the World Health Organization (WHO) cutoff levels for Hb, and severity and magnitude of the problem were assessed using the FAO/WHO epidemiological criteria. The present survey showed a high anemia prevalence rate of 66.2 percent among infants 6 months to less than 1 year, significantly higher than the prevalence rates obtained in the surveys in 1993 and 1998. There was a declining prevalence with age among 1-5 year old children, from a high rate of 53.0 percent among 1 year olds to 14.7 percent among 5 year old children. Among the 6-12 year old children, anemia prevalence was 37.4 percent. The prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in the present survey is lower, 43.9 percent compared to 50.7 percent in 1998. Anemia prevalence is also lower among lactating mothers, 42.2 percent compared to 45.7 percent in 1998. Anemia remains to be a serious public health concern among infants aged 6 months to 1 year, and pregnant and lactating women. The persistent anemia problem points to the need of a closer monitoring of the implementation of the iron supplementation program and considering other intervention strategies. Since anemia could be due to causes other than iron deficiency, further research may be conducted to determine the role of nutritional as well as non-nutritional factors that may affect anemia among Filipinos. (Author)

Publication Type
Journal
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Title
Journal of the Nutritionist-Dietitians' Association of the Philippines
Frequency
Quarterly
Publication Date
July-December 2004
Volume
18
Issue
2
Page(s)
62-70
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Abstract Print Format (Request Document)