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Submitted: 16 May 2007 Modified: 02 August 2012
HERDIN Record #: PCHRDPC890562

The relative importance of various enteropathogens in the etiology of acute diarrhea : a hospital-based study in urban Philippines.

 Leano FT,
 Monzon OT,
 Moriles RR,
 Villanueva JR,
 Saniel MC,
 Mate KB,
 Balis AC,
 Geronimo JG,
 Sombrero LT

A prospective study of 339 children and adults with acute diarrhea and 114 matched controls was conducted at the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine from October 1985 to October 1986 to determine the causative agents of diarrhea and their seasonal occurrence. One or more enteropathogens were isolated from 268 (79 percent) diarrhea cases and from 48 (42 percent) controls. In 29 percent and 8 percent of cases and controls, respectively, multiple pathogens were isolated. Among diarrhea patients, rotavirus and V. choleare 01 were the most common agents (24 percent each) followed by ETEC (18 percent), Salmonella (9 percent), Aeromonas (8 percent), Shigella (7 percent) and EPEC (5 percent). Parasites were found in 36 (11 percent) cases with E. histolytica as the most common agent. In children less than two years of age, rotavirus and ETEC were the most prevalent pathogens while V. cholerae 01, Shigella and ETEC predominated in older children and adults. Cholera, rotavirus and ETEC diarrhea were seasonal in occurrence. Only rotavirus, V cholerae 01, Shigella, V. parahemolyticus and Cryptosporidium were isolated more frequently in cases than in controls.(Abstract)

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
UPM-Med FIL RA440.5 R31 1988 Abstract Print Format (Request Document)