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Submitted: 04 November 2015 Modified: 16 April 2019
HERDIN Record #: PCHRD15110402305272

Demographic and clinical profile of childhood psoriasis in a tertiary hospital: A six-year retrospective study.

Hanna E. Lucero,
Ma. Lorna F. Frez

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BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of local literature focusing on childhood psoriasis.
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinico-demographic profile of childhood psoriasis patients seen in the Philippine General Hospital (PGH) dermatology outpatient clinic.
METHODS: Records of psoriasis patients aged 18 and below seen at the PGH dermatology outpatient clinic from January 2004 to December 2009 were reviewed.
RESULTS: A female preponderance of childhood psoriasis with a male-to-female gender ratio of 1:2 was found. Mean age of onset was earlier in males (7.89 ± 5.77) than females (12.27 ± 5.35) (p-value = 0.026). Chronic plaque type psoriasis was most frequent (71.43%), followed by guttate (16.67%), erythrodermic (7%) and pustular psoriasis (5%). The scalp (61.9%) was the most common overall initial site of onset followed by the trunk (50%). Nail involvement was seen in 29% while 11.9% had joint involvement. Topical steroid application was the most commonly used treatment.
CONCLUSION: This retrospective study reveals a female predominance of childhood psoriasis in the Filipino population. The most common overall initial site of onset is the scalp and the most frequent psoriasis phenotype overall is plaque-type psoriasis.

Publication Type
Journal
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Title
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society
Frequency
Semi-Annual
Publication Date
November 2013
Volume
22
Issue
2
Page(s)
20-25
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Box No. 98-A Fulltext Print Format (Request Document)
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Fulltext pdf (Request Document)