L Lapena, Libertad N. Rosales, Abigail Teodora Tosoc-Abonal, H Penafiel, Michael John C. San Gabriel, Joseph Michael P. Abcede, Jesus Sanchez, Eduardo Vicente S. Caguioa, Edberto R. General
Objective: To compare the patency of vascular access created for hemodialysis with and without the use of pre-operative Doppler ultrasound (US) vascular gapping.
Setting: University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Espana, Manila.
Materials and Methods: All adult patients with chronic kidney disease, eithe . . .