Report an error   

Submitted: 12 December 2018 Modified: 26 April 2019
HERDIN Record #: R07-CIM-18121212100386

Prevalence of depression and anxiety and the relationship with perceived stress among medical students of a private medical institute in Cebu City.

Daniel Amparado,
Justin Chuidian,
Juanito Juney C. Go,
Danica Julia P. Oliveros,
Jan Angeli T. Ong,
Myra Grace  C. Parcon,
Joan Francine  U. Perez,
Claire Princess  Quinones

See More

Abstract: The issue on mental health has always been a perennial obstacle both in the medical and in the political field. Anxiety disorder involves more than temporary worry or fear. Researchers found that genetic and environmental factors,frequently in interaction with one another, are risk factors for anxiety disorder. Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. Medical school is inherently a stressful and challenging academic experience, medical students are vulnerable to depression and anxiety. Medical training involves numerous risk factors for mental illness, such as role transition, decreased sleep, relocation resulting in fewer available support systems and feelings isolation. Since this stressful lifestyle continues throughout a physician's career, medical school is a critical period to develop and utilize effective coping strategies. General Objectives: To determine the prevalence of depression and anxiety among a sample of 352 (still excluding level four) medical students attending a private medical institute in Cebu City and to examine the differences according to the participants' age, gender, year level, and pre-medicine course as well as the extent to which the participants' perceived stress predicts depression and anxiety. Specific Objectives: 1. To determine the severity distribution of depression, anxiety and stress as measured by DASS-21 according to demographic classifications ( year level and sex) of the medical students of a private medical school year 2016 - 2017 in Cebu City. 2. To determine the level of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students according to demographics ( year level and sex). 3. To determine the relationship between demographic variables (sex and year level) and DAS (depression, anxiety and stress). 4. To determine correlations between depression, anxiety and stress. Significance of the Study: The results of the study may help the institute improve its mental health services as well as aid in the promotion of holistic environment. By identifying the factors that contribute to the prevalence of anxiety and depression among the students, the parents and faculty may be able to better facilitate the learning in such away may decrease the level of stress. The result will benefit the students by helping them recognize their stressor. In collaboration with their support system, they may create a sense of well being and in turn alleviate anxiety and depression. Research Methodology: The study will be conducted at a College of Medicine in the Philippines during 2016 - 2017 academic year. In this cross-sectional study, participants will be all the male and female medical students in the three academic years of the chosen College of Medicine in the Philippines during 2016 - 2017 academic year. For Data Collection Process, following the granting of ethical approval from the institution to conduct the study, a day will be planned by the researchers to meet the students per year level to explain the study and secure informed consents, stating that the study is voluntary. Once they signed, the students will be given a questionnaire  package to complete and return to the researcher before leaving the lecture room. The participation will be entirely voluntary, thus to encourage participation, the researchers will distribute snacks during the data gathering.

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
1. Bonalos, P. , Tordecilla, K. . (2015, November 30). Mental health to be a DOH priority. . Retrieved from: http://Cnnphilippines.Com/Newa/2016/07/07/Mental-Health-Doh-Priority-Html
2. (2015, November 30). Depression. National Institute of Mental Health. . Retrieved from: Htts://www.Nimh.Nih.Gov/Health/Topics/Depression/Index.Shtml
3. (2015, November 30). Anxiety disorders. National Institute of Mental Health. . Retrieved from: Https://Www.Nimh.Nih.Gov/Health/Topis/Depression/Index.Shtml
4. Rotenstein, B.L. . (2015, November 30). Prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation among medical students. . Retrieved from: Http://Jamanetwork.Com/Journals/Jama/Article-Abstract/2589340?Utm Source=Silverchair Information Systems&3%Butm Campaign=FTM 12012016&3% Content=News Releases&%3Bcmp=1%3Butm Medium=Email
5. Gentile, J.P. , Roman, B. . (2015, November 30). Psychiatrist treating medical students. Medical Student Mental Health Services. . Retrieved from: Https://Www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/Pmc/27119440/
6. Goldman , M. , Shah, R. , Bernstein, C. . "Depression and suicidal among physician trainees" Journal of American Medical Association , 411,
7. Dyrbye, L.N. , Shanafelt, T.D. . "Medical Stuents and depression" Academic Medicine 84(8): 976,
8. Oaklander, M. . (2016, November 30). Of medical students are depressed. . Retrieved from: Http://Time.Com/4591919/Medical-School-Depression-Suicide/
9. Dyrbye, L.N. , Thomas, M.R. . "Systematic review of depression, anxiety, and other indicators of psychological distress among U.S. and Canadian medical students" Academic Medicine 81(4): 354-373,
10. Saravanan, C. , Wilks, R. . (2013, November 30). Medical students. The Scientific World Journal. . Retrieved from:
11. Lovibond, P.F. , Lovibond, S.H. . "The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) with the beck depress and anxiety inventories" The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research 33(3): 335-343, 1995
12. Tan, Sue M., Benedicto, Jubert P.. "Prevalence of anxiety and depression among filipino patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a multi-center study" Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine 53(1): 1-15, 2015
13. Kutchera, P.C. , Talamera-Sandico, M.G. . (2011, November 30). The derivative family construct among Filipino Amerasians in Luzon. Paper presented at the forum on cross-cultural identities (narratives of resistance and adaptation), . Asian Center, University of the Philippine-Diliman. . Retrieved from:
14. Labrague, Leodoro J.. "Facebook use and adolescents" Health Science Journal 8(1): 80-89, 2014. Retrieved from:
15. Sta. Ana, Annaliza H.. "Filipino translation of the DASS" ,
16. Gadzella, Bernadette M.. "Student-life stress inventory: identification of and reactions to stressors" Sage Journal 74(2): 395-402, 1994
17. Bulo, Juvlyn G., Sanchez, Marita G.. "Source of stress among college students" CVCITG Research Journal 1(1): 16-25, 2014
18. Abulghani, Hamza M., Alkhani, Abdulaziz A., Mahmoud, Ebrahim S.. "Stress and its effects on medical students: A cross-sectional study at a College of Medicine in Saudi Arabia" Journal Health Population Nutrition 29(5): 516-522, 2011
19. Inam, S. , Saqib, A. , Alam, E. . "Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical students of private university" ,
20. Hendryx, M.S. , Haviland, M.G. , Shaw, D.G. . "Dimensions of alexiththymia and their relationship to anxiety and depression" Journal of Personality Assessment 56(2): 227-237, 1999
21. Singh, A. , Lal , A. , Shekhar, A. . "Prevalence of depression among medical students of a private College in India" Online Journal of Health and Allied Sciences 9(4): 8-12,
22. Ibrahim, B. , Abdelreheem, M. . "Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical and pharmaceutical students in Alexandria University" Alexandria Journal of Medicine 51(2): 167-173, 2015
23. Tabalipa, . "Prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical students." Revista Brasileira de Educacao Medica 39(3):
24. Mutalik, . "Depression, anxiety, stress among college students in Bagalkot: a college based study" The International Journal of Indian Psychology 3(4):
25. Beiter, . (2014, November 30). The prevalence and correlates of depression, anxiety, and stress in a sample of college students. Journal homepage. . Retrieved from:
26. Rizvi, . "Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress (by DASS Scoring System) among medical students in Islambad, Pakistan" British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research 8(1): 69-75, 2015
27. Bostanci, M. , Ozdel, O. , Oguzhnoglu, N.K. , Ergin, A. , Ergin, N. , Atesci, F. , Karadag, F. . "Depressive symptomatology among university students in Denizli, Turkey: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates." Croatian Medical Journal 46(1): 96-100, 2005
28. Dahlin, M. , Runeson, B. . "Stress and depression among medical students: a cross-sectional study" Medical Education 39, 594-604, 2005

Copyright © One Window Project 2018. All rights reserved.