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Submitted: 07 December 2018 Modified: 27 February 2019
HERDIN Record #: R07-CIM-18120711202268

The maternal outcome of preeclamptic women admitted in VSMMC from January 2016 - February 2016 encompassing the following: death, comorbidities, and improvement of outcome.

Alfie Calingacion ,
Francine Jessa Castro,
Don Josef Chiong,
Vanessa Marie Habajab,
Youssry Jaranilla,
Dominic Daniel Ortiz,
Angelique Ramirez,
May Angelie Sierras,
Arianne Bebian Wiersma,
Marianne Kristelle Yara

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Abstract: Preeclampsia, a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, remains a significant contributor to the morbidity and mortality of Filipino mothers. Although several risk factors have been identified universally, there is no available data that shows its incidence and major contributing factors in Cebu City. This study aimed to identify the frequency of specific risk factors such as age, gravida score, age of gestation (preterm, term, posterm), BMI, comorbidities (such as hypertension, bronchial asthma, diabetes mellitus, acquired infections during pregnancy), history of drug use, number of prenatal check-up, history of previous pregnancy, social history (smoking, alcohol use, drug use), family history (hypertension, diabetes, bronchial asthma and cancer) and BP upon admission in our local setting in the hope of raising awareness and subsequently lowering the occurrence of preeclampsia. This study was conducted at Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center (VSMMC) where data gathered was tallied and analyzed through SPSS software, via Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. There was a positive correlation seen between improved maternal outcome and the following factors: age of gestation (AOG) (0.01 level of significance), BMI (0.01 level), diabetes mellitus (DM) as a comorbidity and/or complication (0.05 level), and a family history of hypertension (0.05 level). There was a negative correlation seen between maternal mortality and the following factors: SBP (0.05 level), BMI (0.01 level), a family history of hypertension (0.05 level), and improved cases (0.05 level), as well as for fetal mortality and AOG (0.01 level). A larger study population over a longer period of time is recommended to affirm the findings of this study.

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Cebu Institute of Medicine Fulltext Print Format
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