The study was conducted to find out the effectiveness of hand hygiene practices in reducing the number of microorganisms in the clinical setting. Further, it sought to find out the most effective hand hygiene strategy among the most commonly used in clinical areas.
This study was conducted at the laboratory of College of Veterinary Medicine of Benguet State University in La Trinidad, Benguet on January 7-11, 2015.
This study utilized the experimental, quantitative research design. There were two (2) treatments used in the study namely; hand washing using soap and water, and other, using hand rub with 70% alcohol. The data gathered was counted and recorded. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) were used for the statistical treatment.
The researcher findings showed that hand washing is significantly different from no hand hygiene. Also, hand rub using 70% alcohol is significantly different from no hand hygiene. Moreover, hand washing with water and soap is significantly different from hand rub using 70% alcohol.
Based on the findings, the researcher concluded that hand washing and hand rub using 70% alcohol are effective hand hygiene practices in the reduction of the number of microorganism. Moreover, hand washing is more effective than hand rub using 70% alcohol.
From the data gathered, analyzed and interpreted, the researchers recommended that hand washing practices should be continuously practiced in the health care facilities. Also, poster of proper hand washing technique should be posted in all washing area of health care facilities. In, addition the use of other brands soap in future studies is encouraged. Further, future studies are to be done using 100% alcohol of hand rub.
Moreover, similar studies to be conducted to consider the length of time in verifying the effectively of hand washing with soap and water.