The number of older Filipinos continues to rise resulting to increasing numbers of people expected to accept their own mortality and engage in End - of - Life (EoL) planning. Unfortunately, EoL planning among older Filipinos, as well as the factors which could potentially influence the propensity to plan ahead needs further investigation. A descriptive survey design was used including 400 respondents, chosen through purposive sampling and met the inclusion of Filipino Baguio residents aged 60 and above, able to read and understand English, Filipino or Ilokano and without psychological disturbances and cognitive deficits. A self - made questionnaire was used after establishing validity (0.96) and reliability (0.82). Evaluation to ensure ethical conduct of research involving humans was done through the Saint Louis University Research Ethics Committee. Upon certification of ethical soundness, informed consent was taken and the respondents were assured of confidentiality and anonymity. Data were treated with statistics using frequency, mean and Chi - square test. The responses indicated moderate levels of health, relationship, funerary, legal and financial - related EoL planning. Additionally, statistical tests revealed that only health status has a statistically significant association with EoL planning. Knowing the sex, chronologic age, religious affiliation, ethnicity and financial status did not help predict EoL planning. Based on the findings, older Filipinos have satisfactory levels of EoL planning, however, EoL planning remains to be not widely used in the Philippines. Additionally, health status affects EoL planning considerably. The findings provide insight in EoL planning among older people which could be integrated in practice both clinically and in the academe. Future studies should examine other elements which could influence EoL planning. Nurses can develop programs directed at facilitating the patient's expression of EoL preferences. Lastly, government, non - government, nursing organizations and other groups advocating for older people should develop programs designed to increase the awareness of older people on EoL planning.
This study ascertained the level of health, relationship, funerary, legal and financial - related EoL planning among older Filipinos and established the association between EoL planning and sex, chronologic age, religious affiliation, ethnicity, health and financial status.
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