The increasing incidence of dengue despite the existing DOH programs, the alarming complications and even death resulting from uninformed patients, families and communities, the growing emphasis on the role of family care providers with regards to giving appropriate care to their family members who have experienced dengue in the past prompted the conduct of this study. A randomized controlled trial, 2 group pre-test and post-test design was utilized. The respondents were family care providers, at least 18 years old, considered as the primary care giver in the family, and willing to participate in the study. To test the effectiveness of the complementary health education strategy comprising the information guide and one-on-one discussion aided by power point slides, a pre-test and post-test was done with a 3-week interval. Control variables that were true to both groups are the content of the validated information guide, the 3-week interval between the pre-test and post-test and the validated self-made questionnaire that measured the respondents' knowledge, attitudes and practices on dengue management. Related t-test and unrelated t-test were used in the study. The overall results of this study revealed that the complementary health education was effective in improving the family health care providers' knowledge, attitude, and practice on dengue management. The knowledge and practice is not significantly affected by age, sex, role in the family, and educational attainment. On the other hand, the attitude of family care providers vary significantly according to educational attainment and role in the family. Complementary health education strategy clinically enhanced the capability of family care providers on dengue management compared to the use of a single information guide. The combination of one-on-one discussion together with the information guide facilitated a better retention of knowledge, improved self-efficacy, and encouraged the practice of dengue management. The information guide and the powerpoint slides for one-on-one discussion can be used by nurses, health care providers and other interest groups for wide dissemination of information on dengue management.
This study explored the significant difference in the promotive, preventive and therapeutic dengue management of family care providers in terms of knowledge, practice and attitudes after the introduction of complementary health education strategy; significant differences according to the variables of age, sex, role in the family and educational attainment; and the significant difference in the knowledge, attitude and practices of family care providers on dengue management between the intervention and control group.
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