Disaster is a disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic, or environmental losses and impacts, which exceeds the ability of the affected community or the society to cope using its own resources. (Official Gazzette, 2010). Persons with disabilities have been made more vulnerable to natural hazards through historical processes of exclusion and impoverishment (Hemingway, 2016). Due to the vulnerability of visually challenged individuals during disaster, limited studies on this aspect and absence of disaster programs for them prompted the researchers to conduct the study. Crossover design was used in the study. The audio safety reminder was used as a tool to enhance the knowledge on disaster preparedness. The respondents were 18 years of age and above, totally or partially blind either congenital or acquired, with sound mind and were living in Baguio City and La Trinidad. A total of 65 respondents participated in the study and were randomly assigned for each group. ASR slightly enhanced the knowledge on disaster preparedness of visually challenged individuals. There is no significant difference on the extent of effectiveness of ASR in enhancing disaster preparedness of visually challenged individuals in terms of frequency administration. The use of Audio Safety Reminder is effective in enhancing disaster preparedness of visually challenged individuals.. Frequency of administration of ASR is not an important factor in enhancing the knowledge on disaster preparedness of visually challenged individuals It is therefore recommended that nurses will give emphasis on International Guidelines when teaching disaster preparedness. For future studies, age, educational attainment, type of visual impairment will include as variable. It is also recommended for Office of the Civil Defense to develop a program on disaster preparedness of visually challenged.
The study aimed to determine the extent of effectiveness of audio safety reminder in enhancing disaster preparedness of visually challenged individuals and to determine if there was a significant difference on the extent of effectiveness of the audio safety reminder in enhancing disaster preparedness of visually challenged individuals in terms of frequency of administration.
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