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Submitted: 12 September 2017 Modified: 12 September 2017
HERDIN Record #: CAR-UCBCF-17091210460160

Fear of falling and quality of life among older adults.

Teresa  Basatan,
Rhedge Ballesteros,
Gwendyll Joy Bastarde,
Jeremy De Guzman,
Christine De Vera,
Janine Marie Espiritu,
Rovina Esporo,
Kathleen Anne Leal,
Caryl Khate Piamonte,
Precious Salioc,
Thereza Mae Sarceda,
Wella Kate Tungpalan

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Fall, according to World Health Organization (WHO) is the leading cause of death and fatal and non-fatal injury among older adults. Falls, can also have a psychological consequence such as fear of falling, which can influence the older adults' quality of life. Previous literature revealed conflicting findings on the relationship between fear of falling and quality of life among older adults as well as dearth of similar studies conducted in the Philippines, specifically in Baguio City. The study utilized correlational design. The sample size of 391 was computed using Yamane. Proportionate sampling was used for the number of older adults per district in Baguio City. The fear of falling was measured through Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) and quality of life with World Health Organization Quality of Life-Old (WHO QOL-OLD). The study was conducted in selected barangays in Baguio City among older adults whose age ranged from 60-79 years old, female and male with or without history of fall. The respondents were recruited through linkages with the barangay officials from selected barangays, and officers of the different senior citizen organizations. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, independent t-test and Pearson correlation. Majority of the older adults have mild fear about falling while considerable numbers of respondents (30.18%) with moderate fear, no fear (23.27%), and few respondents have severe fear (11.76%). The respondents were also found to have a good quality of life (mean 67.24). There is a significant difference in the degree of fear of falling when respondents are grouped according to gender but no significant difference according to history of fall. There is no significant difference of the degree of quality of life of older adults according to history of fall. There is a significant but weak inverse relationship between FOF and QOL. Fear of falling is evident among the older adults and can predict their quality of life. Gender can influence fear of falling but not the history of fall. Quality of life is unaffected by history of fall. Nurses working in the community setting must include assessment for risk factors for falls, such as fear of falling among the older adults. Formulate modules or pamphlets for fall prevention strategies. Future researchers who plan to conduct similar study to consider other variables such as age, presence or absence of social support

Publication Type
Research Report
Date

Objectives

The study aimed to determine the relationship between fear of falling (FOF) and quality of life (QOL) among older adults as well as the degree of FOF, QOL, difference of FOF according to gender and history of fall, and differences in the QOL according to history of fall.

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