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Submitted: 24 February 2017 Modified: 04 March 2017
HERDIN Record #: PCHRD17022414314833

Seasonality of influenza and respiratory syncytial viruses and the effect of climate factors in subtropical-tropical Asia using influenza-like illness surveillance data, 2010 -2012.

Hitoshi  Oshitani,
Remigio M. Olveda,
Jenaline B. Javier ,
Portia P. Alday,
Raita Tamaki,
Alvin G. Tan,
Liling  Chaw,
Taro Kamigaki

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INTRODUCTION:The seasonality of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is well known, and many analyses have been conducted in temperate countries; however, this is still not well understood in tropical countries. Previous studies suggest that climate factors are involved in the seasonality of these viruses. However, the extent of the effect of each climate variable is yet to be defined.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the pattern of seasonality and the effect of climate variables on influenza and RSV at three sites of different latitudes: the Eastern Visayas region and Baguio City in the Philippines, and Okinawa Prefecture in Japan. Wavelet analysis and the dynamic linear regression model were applied. Climate variables used in the analysis included mean temperature, relative and specific humidity, precipitation, and number of rainy days. The Akaike Information Criterion estimated in each model was used to test the improvement of fit in comparison with the baseline model.
RESULTS: At all three study sites, annual seasonal peaks were observed in influenza A and RSV; peaks were unclear for influenza B. Ranges of climate variables at the two Philippine sites were narrower and mean variables were significantly different among the three sites. Whereas all climate variables except the number of rainy days improved model fit to the local trend model, their contributions were modest. Mean temperature and specific humidity were positively associated with influenza and RSV at the Philippine sites and negatively associated with influenza A in Okinawa. Precipitation also improved model fit for influenza and RSV at both Philippine sites, except for the influenza A model in the Eastern Visayas.
CONCLUSIONS: Annual seasonal peaks were observed for influenza A and RSV but were less clear for influenza B at all three study sites. Including additional data from subsequent more years would help to ascertain these findings. Annual amplitude and variation in climate variables are more important than their absolute values for determining their effect on the seasonality of influenza and RSV.

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
PloS One
Publication Date
December 2016
Not applicabl
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
U.S. National Library of Medicine: PubMed/Medline Fulltext External Link (View)

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