Report an error   

HERDIN Record #: NCR-TMC-14040415585291 Submitted: 04 April 2014 Modified: 04 May 2017

Injury Prevention for Children at the Medical City Pediatric Emergency Room.

See More

OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of The Injury Prevention Program (TIPP) in the recurrence of unintentional injuries among children age 0-12 years. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial done at The Medical City Pediatric Emergency Room. Children age 0-12 years old with unintentional injuries and their parents/guardians were randomized into control and intervention (TPP-SS) groups. Parents/guardians answered questionnaires and age-specific TIPP-Safety Surveys. The intervention group received TIPP-Safety Sheets. Both groups were followed-up after 2 weeks, and after one month. Recurrence of injuries, frequency and types of injuries, and baseline knowledge of parents/guardians using questionnaire and TIPP-SS were measured. RESULTS: 204 children with unintentional injuries were randomized into control and intervention groups. In both groups, majority were males, aged 1-4 years old. Most of the injuries occurred in the home (77.4%). Soft tissue contusions secondary to falls (24.5%) were the most common injuries. 13.2% of parents/guardians rely on their attending physicians for safety information. Comparable baseline knowledge using TIPP-SS were noted in parents/guardians of children in all age groups. There were 6 re-injuries in the control group compared to 5 re-injuries in the TIPP-SS group after weeks and after a month. CONCLUSION: the trend of unintentional injuries is similar to previous data. Most common was soft tissue contusions secondary to falls. Parents rely on their attending physician for safety information. The frequency of re-injury between the control and TIPPSS group seem promising that TIPPSS may be used as an adjunct in safety and injury prevention for children in the targeted age group.

Publication Type
Research Report
April 4, 2009-April 4, 2014


To determine the role of The Injury Prevention Program (TIPP) in the recurrence of unintentional injuries among children age 0-12 years.

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
The Medical City - Research Office Fulltext Print Format
1. Liller, K D. (2005, November 30). Unintentional Injuries in Children. Medscape. . Retrieved from:
2. (2007, November 30). CDC Childhood Injury Report: Patterns of Unintentional Injuries among 0-19. Year Old in the United States, 2000-2006. Center for Disease Control. . Retrieved from:
3. Del Mundo, Fe . Textbook of Child Health and Pediatrics, Millennium Edition Quezon City, Philippines: JMC Press, 2000. 1399-411.
4. Preventive Pediatric Health care 2008 Handbook, 4th Edition Manila, Philippines: 2008.
5. Morrongiello, B . ""What I said" versus "what I heard": A comparison of physicians" Injury Prevention 1, 223-27,
6. Arcadio, R L. "Childhood accidents in the Philippines: A country report" Philippine Journal of Pediatrics 41(1): 62-70,
7. Coros-Barrameda, S , Navarroza, E . A Survey on Childhood Accidents. Bicol, Philippines: Bicol Medical Center, 2002.
8. Babadilla, D . Epidemiology of Pediatric Injuries at the Philippine General Hospital. January to June 2002. Manila, Philippines: Philippine Pediatric Researches, 2002.
9. Cruz, J P. Epidemiologic Profile of School Injuries among Students of Public Schools in Metro Manila, Northern Capital Region and Visayas. Philippines: Philippine Pediatric Researches, 2002.
10. Kendrick, D , Barlow, J , Hampshire, A , Polnay, L , Stewart-Brown, S . "Parenting interventions for the prevention of unintentional injuries in childhood" The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 28(4): . Retrieved from:
11. Micik, S , Alpert, J . "The Pediatrician as Advocate" Pediatric Clinic North America 31, 243-9,
12. Woods, A J. "The role of health professionals in childhood injury prevention: a systematic review of the literature" Patient Education and Counseling 64(1-3): 35-42, . Retrieved from:
13. (1993, November 30). A Guide To Safety Counseling in Office Practice. American Academy of Pediatrics. . Retrieved from: http://
14. Tonja, N , Weaver, N , Jacobsen, H , Glasheen, C , Kreuter, M . "Preventing unintentional pediatric injuries: a tailored intervention for parents and providers" Health Education Research 23(4): 656-69, . Retrieved from:

Copyright © One Window Project 2018. All rights reserved.