Back pain in adults is common and well studied. In contrast, back pain in children has received comparatively little scientific study despite international and national media attention. A significant amount of recent studies has revealed that back pain is quite common in this population and is becoming a serious health concern especially in adolescents.
The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of non-specific low back pain in high school students of Dasmariñas, Cavite ages 12-16. A cross-sectional prospective descriptive study design was utilized to determine the point prevalence of non-specific low back pain among randomly selected high school students of Dasmariñas, Cavite ages 12-16 between the months of June to September 2010 both from public and private schools.
A semi-structured questionnaire on low back pain, based from the Fairbank questionnaire, with both closed and open ended questions was asked to total of 421 high school students from various private and public schools in Dasmariñas Cavite during said period. Questions concerning demographics, mechanical, lifestyle and family history of low back pain as well as the severity and prevalence of low back pain were asked.
From a computed sample population of 300, a total of 421 respondents answered the questionnaire. The point prevalence of this study was noted to be 54.37%. A result much higher compared to most international studies.
Further research focusing on the factors contributing to the prevalence of low back pain in adolescents and also preventive strategies to reduce the impact of such a health problem among adolescent students is strongly recommended.
Key Words: non-specific low back pain (NSLBP), adolescents, prevalence