A study was conducted among two thousand male and female smokers form the municipalities of Itogon and Mankayan, Bengeut Province. The purpose of which is to determine the smokers' willingness to try each of the twelve methods designed to help them to quit smoking.
The results were presented in terms of popularity of the various smoking withdrawal techniques and some socio-psychological factors affecting willingness to accept them.
Smokers most frequently favored methods were " chewing a gum or other substitute", followed by "receiving instructions on how to quit smoking on their own" and "watching TV programs on how to quit smoking at home." Aside from being the most popular procedures, they are considered the simplest methods the smoker can follow with the least activity and initiative on their part.
The techniques that elicited the least support were: "lectures", "Use of Tranquilizers", "individual and group counselling". They were not eager to participate in psychologically oriented approaches or those requiring the assistance of a professional person. These may be due to contributory factors such as: (1) reluctance to commit oneself to a regularly scheduled on going programs; (2) nature of ones work as well as work schedule; and, (3) most of the respondents belong to either the Ibaloi or Kankana-ey ethnic groups who are basically the shy type and most of the time, keep to themselves.
In terms of individual differences, willingness to try smoking cessation methods are directly related to the individual's motivation to quit as assessed by his concern about smoking, the desire to quit and other cognitive factors. Age, quantity of cigarettes smoked per day and chronic illness did not influence the acceptance of techniques.
For a program to be successful, it must consider both the smoker's desire to quit and the general acceptability of the method. Moreover, a brief and simple advice from a physician to smoking has substantial potential for increasing a smoker's motivation to quit. A few minutes of the physician's time thus spent, can spell the difference between a continuing smoker and an ex-smoker and ultimately, between a continued high cancer burden and a reduced one in Benguet or the whole country for that matter.