To determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori as well as the attendant endoscopic changes in a group of patients with dyspepsia. 244 adults were prospectively evaluated for Helicobacter pylori infection using the rapid urease (CLO) test.
Of these adults, 50% were males and 44% were females. Age range of the subjects was from 12 years to 91 years old; mean age, 50 years old. Thirty five percent (86/244) were found positive for H, pylori. Among these subjects, Filipinos comprised about 42% (102/244) while those of Chinese descent 58% (142/244). CLO was found positive in 25% in the former group and 42% in the latter group (P<0.05).
Infected with Helicobacter pylori were 35% of patients with dyspepsia. Helicobacter pylori infection appears to be significantly associated only with duodenal ulcer. The prevalence rate of Helicobacter pylori in patients of Chinese descent is significantly higher than those patients of Filipino ethnic origin.