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Submitted: 07 December 2012
HERDIN Record #: CAR-BGHMC-12120710203120

A comparative study of the efficacy, acceptability and safety of povidone-iodine , 70% alcohol and normal saline in the prevention of post – operative wound infection amongst women who underwent emergency or elective OB/GYNE abdominal surgery at BGHMC.

Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Baguio General Hospital and Medical Center

Abstract

Background:

Infection is a major factor that postpones wound healing. Many reports indicate important role of washing solutions on preventing wound infections and cleansing is a vital component of wound management. The role of local application of betadine, nornmal saline solution and 70% alcohol was evaluated in preventing post-operative wound infection.

Methodology:

This is randomized controlled trial consisting of women who underwent abdominal surgery . Three would cleaning solutions were used post operatively for wound care using Betadine. 70% Alcohol and Nornal Saline. One week after discharge, the surgical site was followed up, then correlated result with the three solutions.

Results:

There is no significant effect of the three solutions according to age variation, civil status, gravidity and socio-economic status on would healing process which indicates that it is not a factor for high infection rate. There is no significant effect of Betadine and 70% Alcohol but NSS have a highly significant result. This means that Betadine and 70% Alcohol are safe in any type of operation but NSS may cause infection in any type of operation.

Conclusion:

There is no significant effect of Betadine and 70% Alcohol which denotes that Betadine and 70% Alcohol are safe would cleansers in any type of operation done but NSS is not highly recommended as wound cleanser.

1.
Publication Type:
Research Report
Date:

Objectives

It is the purpose of this study to compare the efficacy, acceptability, and safety of Povidone-Iodine, 70% Isoprophyl Alcohol and Normal Saline solution as a post-operative wound cleanser