A survey on general pulmonary symptoms and acute and chronic lung diseases in an urban community was conducted using the American Thoracic Society-Division of Lung Diseases-78 Standardized Questionnaire on Respiratory Symptoms translated into Filipino. A total of 1160 individuals were chosen randomly, interviewed and examined. Results show that the most prevalent symptoms in both adults and children were acute cough and rhinitis. The most common respiratory-disorder was acute upper respiratory symptoms, diagnosed in 57% of children and 36% of adults. Inboth age groups, asthma was noted in approximately 9%, tuberculosis in almost 10% of the adults and 14.5% of children, and chronic airways disease in 3% of adults. Among adults the risk factors found associated with the development of chronic airways disease were age equal to or greater than 40 years, the male sex, and smoking. Among children, passive smoking was associated with higher prevalence of acute upper respiratory symptoms, especially in those with hyper-reactive airways. Information gathered from studies such as this should be considered in the formulation of health measures, either preventive or therapeutic, especially with those related to the smoking epidemic and environmental pollution.
To identify risk factors that predispose to the development of the identified symptoms and of acute and chronic lung diseases.