The issue on health particularly among indigenous women is vital to development because without the assurance of a safe reproductive process through pregnancy and childbirth, the indigenous people cannot be assured of physical, psychological and social development. This study focused on a purposeful sampling of 90 Tagabawa women in three Tagabawa communities in Davao del Sur: Saliducon, Sibulan and Tibolo. A descriptive research using anthrophological methods on a combination of focused group discussion (FGD), structured interview questionnaire, and key-informant interviewing was made. Results of the investigation disclosed the disadvantaged condition of Tagabawa women in terms of education, economic opportunity and health status. Their low level of education and their traditional culture affected their age of marriage which also had some bearing on their overall fertility resulting to more children. Traditional culture still strongly prevailed in their beliefs, attitudes and practices. Some benefits from knowledge of indigenous medicinal plants may be derived but these need more indepth investigation as to their botanical nature and chemical compositions for medicinal purposes. In view of the findings, it is recommended that efforts to disseminate reproductive health education to the tribal communities be prioritized. Quality health service and facilities be provided to indigenous people' communities, Family planning workers be given more training and better incentives to maintain a more consistent and reliable service. Traditional hilots and/or folk healers must likewise be given a well-planned information and education program which they can integrate in their practices. And finally, secondary education and extension education or even distance education must be made accessible to the indigenous communities to benefit the adolescents, especially the young women.
To find out how the Tagabawa women's beliefs, attitudes and practices regarding reproductive health affect their reproductive health condition.