Sharp-safety technique is defined as methods of performance for safe handling or dealing with sharps. On the other hand, sharp-safety practice is a routine that is being performed by staff nurses regarding sharps safety.
This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of sharp-safety practices of the staff nurses in San Pedro Hospital in preventing sharp-related injuries. This study made use of the descriptive research design. It was used to determine the relationship between sharp-safety practices and techniques used by staff nurses of San Pedro Hospital and the incidence of sharp-related injuries.
Out of the 184 staff nurses currently employed at San Pedro Hospital, 125 respondents were chosen to represent 14 different wards. Descriptive analysis revealed that the first five common practices and techniques in safe handling of sharp medical devices used by most staff nurses of San Pedro Hospital are the following: (a) never leaving sharps unattended, (b) using needle holders, forceps, or suturing assist device when handling suture needles,(c) avoiding the handling sharps from hand to hand, (d) obtaining assistance in using sharps with a confused patient, (e) using fish-hook technique in recapping needles. The results further revealed that the first five common sharps-safety practices and techniques on safe disposal used by most staff nurses are: (a) disposing of used sharps immediately after use, (b) disposing of syringes and needles as a single unit away from the body, (c) not disposing of straps in containers used for storage of other waste, (d) retaining full sharps bins waiting for collection in the secured clinical areas, (e) placing disposal containers within arm's reach.
There were 176 incidences of sharp-related injuries at the said hospital. Out of the 14 wards, the Delivery Room had the highest incidence of sharp-related injuries of 76 per month. On the other hand, the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and Sta.Rita Ward had the lowest incidence, at zero.
Results of the descriptive analysis also showed that out of 125 staff nurses at San Pedro Hospital, 51.43% sustained sharp-related injuries during medication preparation, 27.62% were injured after using the device, 12.38% were injured while disposing of the device and 8.5% were injured during the use of device.
The staff nurses wanted to improve/implement the following techniques: (a) use of per-filled syringe medications; (b) educate hospital employees on proper handling of sharps; (c) conduct a seminar on basic safety techniques in handling sharps; (d) use gloves and other protective clothing when contamination is anticipated; (e) proper sharp disposal os used needles; and (f) do non-recapping of needles.