OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence, risk factors, etiology, location, and outcome of non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in young Filipino patients. To identify factors associated with poor outcome and mortality
METHODOLOGY: Review of charts of patients age /- 45 years admitted for acute non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage with neuroimaging evidence of symptomatic ICH was done. Data regarding risk factors, location, etiology and outcome were analyzed using SPSS 9.01 for Windows and Epi 6 for univariate and multiple regression analysis
RESULTS: Seventy subjects were included. 66 percent were males and 34 percent were females. The mean age of the subjects was 37 years old. Prevalence of non-traumatic ICH among stroke in young adults is 17 percent. The most frequent risk factors were hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, and family history of CVD. The common locations in order were basal ganglia/internal capsule (44 percent), thalamus (22 percent), lobar, and brainstem. The common causes of ICH were hypertension (46 percent), vascular malformations (16 percent) and hematologic/coagulation disorders (13 percent). Arteriography was done in 33 percent of cases. Overall in-hospital mortality rate was 8.5 percent in the acute stage of ICH. Factors independently associated with poor outcome and mortality on multivariate regression analysis were posterior circulation (p=0.005), presence of intraventricular extension (p=0.002), ICH volume 30 cc (p= 0.011), and smoking history (p=0.021)
CONCLUSION: Non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage in young Filipino adults has a heterogenous etiology. Non-traumatic ICH occurred in 17 percent of young stroke patients. Posterior circulation involvement, presence of intraventricular extension, ICH volume of 30cc and smoking history were significant factors associated with poor outcome.