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Submitted: 16 May 2007 Modified: 23 March 2017
HERDIN Record #: PCHRDPC050322

Patterns of follow-on formula use among Filipino mothers for their infants 6-12 months old.

Marilyn  . Padallan

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OBJECTIVE: To determine the practices, knowledge and attitudes of mothers regarding the use of follow on formula for infants 6-12 months old

STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive

SETTING: Out-Patient Clinic Department of Pediatrics, MCU-FDTMF Hospital

METHODS: A cross sectional prevalence study was conducted at the Out-Patient Department of a tertiary University Hospital. The respondents consisted of mothers with infants aged 6-12 months. A pre-tested self administered questionnaire was consecutively given to the mothers as they entered the OPD after eliciting a verbal consent. The data obtained from each respondent were tabulated and analyzed using the means, frequency and percentages categories, T-test, chi-square and Fishers exact tests. The level of statistical significance was pegged at 0.05

RESULTS: Three hundred twenty five respondents were included in the study - 269 infants (82.8%) were bottle-fed and 56 (17.2%) were pure breastfed. Most of the mothers (65 or 20%) were in the 28-30 age group. The majority of the respondents (93.5%) were married. Most of the respondents (104 mothers or 32%) were high school graduates and 208 (64%) were not working. Thirty-eight percent have monthly incomes between Php 5000 - 9000. Majority of the respondents knew the advantages of breastfeeding but nevertheless used follow-on formula. Most infants were 7 months old (73 infants or 22.5%) with a mean age of 8.7 months. Most mothers (358%) breastfed for less than a month. The mean duration of breastfeeding was 4.8 months. Most infants were started on follow-on formula at 6 months of age with a mean of 5.8 months. The most common reason for not breastfeeding was insufficiency of milk. Most mothers (104 or 38.7%) chose to use follow-on formula on their own. The type of feeding did not affect the nutritional status of the infants. Most of the respondents were satisfied with their current formula. Regardless of the type of feeding, the nutritional status of the infants was normal

CONCLUSION: Majority of mothers seen at the MCU-OPD do not breastfeed their infants. There is a decline in the practice of breastfeeding by as much as 82%. Among the reasons mentioned were inadequate milk supply, interference with their work, fear of disfigurement and simple shame to breastfeed. Mothers in the higher socio-economic classes, higher education levels, and with more number of children preferred bottle-feeding rather than continued breastfeeding. (Author)

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Philippine Scientific Journal
Publication Date
July-December 2003

Publication Type
Research Report
November 30, 2002
LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Abstract Print Format (Request Document)

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