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Submitted: 16 May 2007 Modified: 10 January 2019
HERDIN Record #: PCHRDPC971335

A comparison of the clinical features of childhood Hemophilus influenzae meningitis and Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis: PCMC setting.

 Santos J,
 De Castro JAA,
 Andong S,
 Corrales-Bunyi MA

This retrospective study was undertaken to compare the clinical characteristics of infants and children diagnosed to have Hemophilus influenzae meningitis with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis as to age group, nutritional status, presence of an antecedent infection, symptomatology and clinical outcome. Three hundred (300) medical records of patients with discharge diagnosis of bacterial meningitis were reviewed. Sixty-five (65) cases with positive culture on cerebrospinal fluid were recorded but only 56 were included. The etiologic groups of Hemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae were compared using the T-test and Chi-square test. The age and nutritional status of patients is (p0.05). Among selected clinical features, nuchal rigidity and a long duration of fever were strongly associated with Hemophilus influenzae meningitis at p0.05. A bulging fontanelle and an increase seizure occurrence is linked more to patients with Pneumococcal meningitis. Survival rate remains to be high despite progression of the disease. (Author)

Publication Type
Philipp J Pediatr
1996 Apr-Jun
Publication Date
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Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Abstract Print Format (Request Document)

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