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Submitted: 10 February 2016 Modified: 10 February 2016
HERDIN Record #: R04A-DLSHSI-16021011284338

Acute Leukemia among Pediatric Patients Admitted in the De La Salle University Medical Center from January 2002 - December 2012.

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OBJECTIVES: To determine the socioepidemiologic and clinical profile of paediatric patients diagnosed with Acute Leukemia. DESIGN: Descriptive Study, cross-sectional  SETTING: DLSUMC, paediatric inpatients PARTICIPANTS: Children 0 - 19 years of age diagnosed with Acute Leukemia. METHODS: Charts of children diagnosed with Acute Leukemia was done. Charts were reviewed using EPI Information for collection and interpretation. RESULTS: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia has a ratio of 1:4 compared to AML. ALL occurs in ages 2-8 years, with male preponderance. The common chief complaints were fever, pallor, body malaise and limping. Most of the patients were from Dasmarinas Cavite, Roman Catholics and were admitted under the pay category. Diagnosis were confirmed using histopathologic examination of bone marrow aspirate, FAB and immunophenotyping. Acute leukemic patients presented with anemia, leukopenia with predominance of neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, hypochromia, anisocytosis and poikilocytosis. Most of the patients presented with nonspecific central pneumonitis and all had no blast cells seen on initial CSF examination. Only 53% of patients diagnosed with acute leukemia underwent chemotherapy. CONCLUSION:  The profile of children with acute leukemia is the same as the profile seen in previous studies done locally, with some difference with regard to exposure to teratogens and history of hematologic diseases in the family.KEYWORDS: Acute Leukemia, Pediatric patients

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Research Project
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Objectives

To determine the socioepidemiologic and clinical profile of paediatric patients diagnosed with Acute Leukemia. DESIGN: Descriptive Study, cross-sectional 

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DLSU Cavite (6346) 481 8000 local 1367 / Manila (632) 988-3100 local 1367 Fulltext Print Format

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